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Unsatisfied inspiration is commonly reported during exercise by patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD). However, the physiological basis of perceived dyspnea quality in this population has not been evaluated. We examined the relationship between dyspnea quality and indices of ventilatory-mechanical limitations during exercise in patients with fibrotic ILD. Sixteen fibrotic ILD patients (12 male) with a median age of 64 years (range 49-81), FVC 71%-predicted (51-100), and DL 47%-predicted (27-77) performed incremental and constant work-rate cycle exercise tests to exhaustion. Ventilatory responses were recorded at rest, throughout exercise, and at peak exercise. Dyspnea quality was serially assessed using a 4-item list from which participants selected the phrase that best described their breathing compared to rest. Increased work/effort was the dominant descriptor of dyspnea throughout exercise, but with increased selection of unsatisfied inspiration following the inflection point of tidal volume (V) relative to ventilation (V). Delaying or preventing ILD patients from reaching a critically reduced IRV may have implications for symptom management.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Respiratory physiology & neurobiology
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A common interstitial lung disease of unknown etiology, usually occurring between 50-70 years of age. Clinically, it is characterized by an insidious onset of breathlessness with exertion and a nonproductive cough, leading to progressive DYSPNEA. Pathological features show scant interstitial inflammation, patchy collagen fibrosis, prominent fibroblast proliferation foci, and microscopic honeycomb change.
A diverse group of lung diseases that affect the lung parenchyma. They are characterized by an initial inflammation of PULMONARY ALVEOLI that extends to the interstitium and beyond leading to diffuse PULMONARY FIBROSIS. Interstitial lung diseases are classified by their etiology (known or unknown causes), and radiological-pathological features.
Absence of air in the entire or part of a lung, such as an incompletely inflated neonate lung or a collapsed adult lung. Pulmonary atelectasis can be caused by airway obstruction, lung compression, fibrotic contraction, or other factors.
A form of pneumoconiosis caused by inhalation of asbestos fibers which elicit potent inflammatory responses in the parenchyma of the lung. The disease is characterized by interstitial fibrosis of the lung, varying from scattered sites to extensive scarring of the alveolar interstitium.
Narrowing below the PULMONARY VALVE or well below it in the infundibuluar chamber where the pulmonary artery originates, usually caused by a defective VENTRICULAR SEPTUM or presence of fibrous tissues. It is characterized by restricted blood outflow from the RIGHT VENTRICLE into the PULMONARY ARTERY, exertional fatigue, DYSPNEA, and chest discomfort.
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