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Qualitative dimensions of exertional dyspnea in fibrotic interstitial lung disease.

08:00 EDT 12th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Qualitative dimensions of exertional dyspnea in fibrotic interstitial lung disease."

Unsatisfied inspiration is commonly reported during exercise by patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD). However, the physiological basis of perceived dyspnea quality in this population has not been evaluated. We examined the relationship between dyspnea quality and indices of ventilatory-mechanical limitations during exercise in patients with fibrotic ILD. Sixteen fibrotic ILD patients (12 male) with a median age of 64 years (range 49-81), FVC 71%-predicted (51-100), and DL 47%-predicted (27-77) performed incremental and constant work-rate cycle exercise tests to exhaustion. Ventilatory responses were recorded at rest, throughout exercise, and at peak exercise. Dyspnea quality was serially assessed using a 4-item list from which participants selected the phrase that best described their breathing compared to rest. Increased work/effort was the dominant descriptor of dyspnea throughout exercise, but with increased selection of unsatisfied inspiration following the inflection point of tidal volume (V) relative to ventilation (V). Delaying or preventing ILD patients from reaching a critically reduced IRV may have implications for symptom management.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Respiratory physiology & neurobiology
ISSN: 1878-1519
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