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PEGAylated graphene oxide/superparamagnetic nanocomposite as a high-efficienc loading nanocarrier for controlled delivery of methotrexate.

08:00 EDT 12th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "PEGAylated graphene oxide/superparamagnetic nanocomposite as a high-efficienc loading nanocarrier for controlled delivery of methotrexate."

Polymer-coated nanocarriers play an important role in targeted drug delivery. The use of polymers such as polyethylene glycol increases stability, biocompatibility, and blood circulation time of the drug, and may consequently improve the success of drug delivery. In the present work, a simple approach has been reported for synthesizing polyethylene glycol bis amin (PEGA) functionalized graphene oxide/iron oxide nanocomposite as a remarkable unit for loading drugs. The biomedical applications of the synthesized nanocomposite were investigated by immobilizing methotrexate (MTX), as an anticancer drug. The structural and morphological characteristics and the successful synthesis of the nanocomposite were evaluated by different charachterization techniques. The cytotoxicity assay of the nanocarrier showed higher toxicity against HeLa and MCF-7 cell lines, compared to free MTX. The drug release experiments in acidic and physiological conditions suggested the first order kinetics model for the release of MTX from the nanocomposite. Furthermore, the agglutination, complement activation, and coagulation time experiments demonstrated the blood compatibility of the synthesized nanocarrier.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of biotechnology
ISSN: 1873-4863
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Nitrogen oxide (N2O). A colorless, odorless gas that is used as an anesthetic and analgesic. High concentrations cause a narcotic effect and may replace oxygen, causing death by asphyxia. It is also used as a food aerosol in the preparation of whipping cream.

A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.

A potent mutagen and carcinogen. It is a reduction product of 4-NITROQUINOLINE-1-OXIDE. It binds with nucleic acids and inactivates both bacteria and bacteriophage.

A potent mutagen and carcinogen. This compound and its metabolite 4-HYDROXYAMINOQUINOLINE-1-OXIDE bind to nucleic acids. It inactivates bacteria but not bacteriophage.

A technique using a pneumatic, high-pressure stream of aluminum oxide to remove DENTAL ENAMEL; DENTIN; and restorative materials from teeth. In contrast to using DENTAL HIGH-SPEED EQUIPMENT, this method usually requires no dental anesthesia (ANESTHESIA, DENTAL) and reduces risks of tooth chipping and microfracturing. It is used primarily for routine DENTAL CAVITY PREPARATION.

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