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Diuretic Responsiveness and its Prognostic Significance in Children with Heart Failure.

08:00 EDT 12th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Diuretic Responsiveness and its Prognostic Significance in Children with Heart Failure."

Loop diuretics are considered first-line therapy for congestion in children with heart failure, though some patients remain volume overloaded during treatment. We sought to characterize loop diuretic responsiveness (DR) in children hospitalized with acute decompensated failure (ADHF) and to determine whether a decreased response was associated with worse outcomes.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of cardiac failure
ISSN: 1532-8414
Pages:

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.

Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.

Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial contraction during SYSTOLE leading to defective cardiac emptying.

Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial relaxation during DIASTOLE leading to defective cardiac filling.

Agents that have a strengthening effect on the heart or that can increase cardiac output. They may be CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES; SYMPATHOMIMETICS; or other drugs. They are used after MYOCARDIAL INFARCT; CARDIAC SURGICAL PROCEDURES; in SHOCK; or in congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).

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