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To evaluate the genetic and environmental relationship among prostatitis and other urological conditions, including benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer (CaP), a classical twin design and biometric modeling was used. While prostatitis - characterized by pain and voiding symptoms, no clear etiology, and functional and quality of life impairments - co-occurs with other urinary conditions, the degree of shared overlapping etiological processes among them remains unclear. We examined the contribution of genetic and environmental factors to these conditions and the etiology of their associations at the level of genetic and environmental influences.
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This study investigated associations between mindfulness and symptoms of insomnia, depression and anxiety. Mindfulness was disaggregated into five subscales: 'nonreactivity to inner experience', 'obse...
Fear and anxiety are conceptualized as responses to acute or potential threat, respectively. Adult twin studies found substantial interplay between genetic and environmental factors influencing fear d...
Atypical growth patterns of the brain have been previously reported in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) but these alterations are heterogeneous across individuals, which may be associated with the varia...
Individual differences in white matter tract microstructure, measured with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), demonstrate substantial heritability. However, it is unclear to what extent this heritability...
Psychotic experiences (PE) are dimensional phenomena in the general population that resemble psychotic symptoms, such as paranoia and hallucinations. This is the first twin study to explore the degree...
Proposed twin study will test to what degree inter-individual differences in pain sensitivity and amount of pain relief in response to opioid therapy are inherited or alternatively, are du...
The 2-BIG is a twin birth cohort study located in Guangzhou, China.Its initial aim is to facilitate research on understanding the interplay between genes and environmental factors on disea...
Vitamin D deficiency is a modifiable risk factor for poor bone health. Familial correlation of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration (25(OH)D) was reported in twin- or family-based studi...
To analyze the genetic and environmental contributions of juvenile hemodynamic determinants of blood pressure, including cardiac output and systemic vascular pressure, to adult cardiovascu...
This study will be the first study that evaluates the effectiveness of antenatal corticosteroid (ACS) in late preterm twin neonates.
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
The study of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION and the toxic effects of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS on the ECOSYSTEM. The term was coined by Truhaut in 1969.
A surgical specialty concerned with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract in both sexes, and the genital tract in the male. Common urological problems include urinary obstruction, URINARY INCONTINENCE, infections, and UROGENITAL NEOPLASMS.
Passage of blood from one fetus to another via an arteriovenous communication or other shunt, in a monozygotic twin pregnancy. It results in anemia in one twin and polycythemia in the other. (Lee et al., Wintrobe's Clinical Hematology, 9th ed, p737-8)
Work consisting of reporting using a method of detecting genetic causes in human traits and genetic factors in behavior using sets of twins.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Erectile Dysfunction Urology Urology is the branch of medicine concerned with the urinary tract and diseases that affect it. Examples include urethritis, urethrostenosis and incontinence. Urology is a su...
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
An enlarged prostate (benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)) is common in men after the age of about 50. Having an enlarged prostate does not mean you have cancer. In some cases, an enlarged prostate can cause the ...
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