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Comparative activity of a polyhexanide-betaine solution against biofilms produced by multidrug-resistant bacteria belonging to high-risk clones.

08:00 EDT 12th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Comparative activity of a polyhexanide-betaine solution against biofilms produced by multidrug-resistant bacteria belonging to high-risk clones."

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of polyhexanide (polyhexamethylene biguanide)-betaine (PHMB-B) compared with 2% chlorhexidine against biofilms of high-risk and/or multidrug-resistant bacterial clones. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of both biocides were determined by microdilution. The effect of PHMB-B and chlorhexidine on biofilm was evaluated by spectrophotometry and cell viability assays. At commercial concentrations, PHMB-B reduced 24 h, 48 h and 1-week biofilms of all pathogens tested. PHMB-B was more active than 2% chlorhexidine against Gram-negative bacterial 24 h and 48 h biofilms and Gram-positive bacterial 7-day biofilms. In summary, the activity of PHMB-B was superior to that of 2% chlorhexidine in those biofilms.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The Journal of hospital infection
ISSN: 1532-2939
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A naturally occurring compound that has been of interest for its role in osmoregulation. As a drug, betaine hydrochloride has been used as a source of hydrochloric acid in the treatment of hypochlorhydria. Betaine has also been used in the treatment of liver disorders, for hyperkalemia, for homocystinuria, and for gastrointestinal disturbances. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1341)

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