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In the present study, we obtained polysaccharides from Sagittaria sagittifolia L. (SSP) with subcritical water extraction (SWE). Two water-soluble polysaccharides (SSP-W1 and SSP-S1) from the acquired SSP were isolated with DEAE-52 and Sephadex G-100. Besides, the structural characteristics and immunostimulatory activity were also investigated. The results showed that both SSP-W1 and SSP-S1 were homogeneous polysaccharides and the molecular weight was 62.03 KDa and 15.2 KDa, respectively. In addition, both SSP-W1 and SSP-S1 are heteropolysaccharides. Moreover, FT-IR analysis showed that SSP-W1 was α-pyranose polysaccharide, while SSP-S1 was a typical β-pyranose polysaccharide. Congo red staining showed that there was no triple helix structure in both SSP-W1 and SSP-S1. Furthermore, both SSP-W1 and SSP-S1 could promote the proliferation, production of NO, and secretion of TNF-α and IL-10 of macrophages RAW 264.7, significantly. Therefore, the polysaccharides extracted from Sagittaria sagittifolia L. with SWE have the potential to be used as immunoreactive agent in medicine and functional foods.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of biological macromolecules
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