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A previously unknown, water-soluble polysaccharide, named DOTP-B, was isolated from the roots of the plant Dioscorea opposita Thunb, a well-known edible and medicinal plant in China. DOTP-B was found to be neutral in charge, with an average molecular weight of 5623 Da. Monosaccharide composition analysis by GC-MS revealed that DOTP-B was a hetero-polysaccharide consisting of glucose and galactose at a molar ratio of 14.6:1.0. Structural features of DOTP-B were investigated with a combination of chemical and instrumental methods, including complete acid hydrolysis, periodate oxidation, methylation, GC-MS, FTIR and several NMR spectra. Highly correlated results demonstrated that the main chain of DOTP-B consisted of →4)-α-d-glc(1 → residues, with about 6% internal →6)-β-d-gal(1 → residues. The antioxidant activity of DOTP-B was also evaluated as the EC values against DPPH and PTIO radicals were 2.1 ± 0.1 mg/mL and 1.6 ± 0.1 mg/mL, respectively. Therefore, the polysaccharide DOTP-B could be possibly developed as a promising natural antioxidant for application in medical and food industries.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of biological macromolecules
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