Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Advanced local delivery systems are needed as adjunctive treatments for severe injuries with high infection rates, such as open fractures. Chitosan systems have been investigated as antimicrobial local delivery systems for orthopaedic infection but possess mismatches between elution and degradation properties. Derivatives of chitosan were chosen that have enhanced swelling ratios or tailorable degradation properties. A combination of trimethyl chitosan and poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate chitosan was developed as an injectable local delivery system. Research objectives were elution of antimicrobials for 7 days, degradation as open fractures heal, and cytocompatibility. The derivative combination eluted increased active concentrations of vancomycin and amikacin compared to the non-derivatized chitosan paste, 6 vs. 5 days and 5 vs. 4 days, respectively. The derivative combination degraded slower than non-derivatized paste in an enzymatic degradation study, 14 vs. 3 days, which increased antimicrobial delivery duration. Cytocompatibility of the combination with fibroblast and pre-osteoblast cells exceed the cell viability standard set in ISO 10993-5. Combination paste requires an increased ejection force of 9.40 N (vs. 0.64 N), but this force was within an acceptable injection force threshold, 80 N. These preliminary results indicate combination paste should be further developed into a clinically useful adjunctive local delivery system for infection prevention.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of biological macromolecules
The present study aimed to investigate in vitro DNA transfection efficiency of three novel chitosan derivatives: thiolated trimethyl chitosan (TMC-Cys), methylated 4-N,N dimethyl aminobenzyl N,O carbo...
Chitosan has multiple biological activities, but a sensitive and rapid characterization method is yet to be developed for its further application. This study presented an optional mass spectrometry me...
Layer-by-layer (LbL) films with enhanced resistance to protein adsorption were obtained on the basis of N-grafted copolymers of chitosan with polyethylene glycol (PEG) or dextran (DEX). The copolymers...
Chitosan is obtained from chitin, which could be considered to be the most abundant polymer after cellulose. Owing to these properties, chitosan alone or chitosan-based composite film production is at...
This study aimed to evaluate in vitro the antimicrobial effect of a bioadhesive chitosan-based oral membrane with chlorhexidine for local treatment of infections in the oral tissues. Five oral membran...
Chitosan is a natural product that is produced commercially through the deacetylation of chitin, which is found in the exoskeleton of crustaceans. It has been suggested that chitosan has a...
Aim of the present study is to assess the in vivo susceptibility of root canal bacteria to Chitosan,Chitosan nanoparticles ,and Chlorhexidine gluconate when used as intra canal medicaments...
It is well known that Chitosan oligosaccharide is low molecular weight and water soluble and chitosan oligosaccharide has been shown to reduce blood cholesterol and blood pressure, increas...
This study will examine the utility of chitosan for reduction of blood or tissue levels of AGEs in patients with prostate cancer who are clinically stable on androgen-deprivation therapy.
The "dry eye syndrome" DES is a highly prevalent ocular disease, in particular in the elderly population. One mainstay of therapy for patients suffering from DES is the use of topically ad...
A network of cross-linked hydrophilic macromolecules used in biomedical applications fabricated by photopolymerization of polyethylene glycol dimethacrylate. Its general formulae is C3H5C(O)(OCH2CH2)nOC(O)C3H5 where n denotes a number of average polyglycol (OCH2CH2) repeats.
Ophthalmic solutions that include LUBRICANTS and WETTING AGENTS such as POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL; HYPROMELLOSE; GLYCEROL; PROPYLENE GLYCOL. They are used to treat conditions caused by deficient tear production such as DRY EYE SYNDROME.
A linear polysaccharide of beta-1->4 linked units of ACETYLGLUCOSAMINE. It is the second most abundant biopolymer on earth, found especially in INSECTS and FUNGI. When deacetylated it is called CHITOSAN.
Deacetylated CHITIN, a linear polysaccharide of deacetylated beta-1,4-D-glucosamine. It is used in HYDROGEL and to treat WOUNDS.
A vinyl polymer made from ethylene. It can be branched or linear. Branched or low-density polyethylene is tough and pliable but not to the same degree as linear polyethylene. Linear or high-density polyethylene has a greater hardness and tensile strength. Polyethylene is used in a variety of products, including implants and prostheses.
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...