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Subdivision of bamboo kraft lignin by one-step ethanol fractionation to enhance its water-solubility and antibacterial performance.

08:00 EDT 12th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Subdivision of bamboo kraft lignin by one-step ethanol fractionation to enhance its water-solubility and antibacterial performance."

Over the recent years, the exploitation of antibacterial performance of lignin and its subsequent usage as bacteriostatic additives has gained increasing interests. However, due to the restriction from structural heterogeneity, the antibacterial activity of lignin is always modest and unstable (especially against Gram-negative bacteria). In this regard, we proposed a facile one-step ethanol fractionation process to decrease the heterogeneity of lignin and, therefore, improve its antibacterial activity. Two fractions (Fs and Fi, 95% ethanol soluble and insoluble fraction, respectively) were obtained from bamboo kraft lignin (BKL) and their antibacterial effectiveness was compared. The results showed that the antibacterial activity of Fs increased significantly compared to that of BKL. On the contrary, Fi barely exhibited inhibitory effect on the growth of two Gram-positive bacteria and even promoted the growth of two Gram-negative bacteria. The much lower phenolic-OH content in Fi was an important reason for the absence of antibacterial activity. Besides, the growth promotion of Gram-negative bacteria by Fi was possibly caused by the formation of insoluble carriers for bacteria growth due to the poor water-solubility of Fi. Accordingly, after the elimination of Fi, the one-step fractionation significantly enhanced the antibacterial activity of lignin against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of biological macromolecules
ISSN: 1879-0003
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