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Over the recent years, the exploitation of antibacterial performance of lignin and its subsequent usage as bacteriostatic additives has gained increasing interests. However, due to the restriction from structural heterogeneity, the antibacterial activity of lignin is always modest and unstable (especially against Gram-negative bacteria). In this regard, we proposed a facile one-step ethanol fractionation process to decrease the heterogeneity of lignin and, therefore, improve its antibacterial activity. Two fractions (Fs and Fi, 95% ethanol soluble and insoluble fraction, respectively) were obtained from bamboo kraft lignin (BKL) and their antibacterial effectiveness was compared. The results showed that the antibacterial activity of Fs increased significantly compared to that of BKL. On the contrary, Fi barely exhibited inhibitory effect on the growth of two Gram-positive bacteria and even promoted the growth of two Gram-negative bacteria. The much lower phenolic-OH content in Fi was an important reason for the absence of antibacterial activity. Besides, the growth promotion of Gram-negative bacteria by Fi was possibly caused by the formation of insoluble carriers for bacteria growth due to the poor water-solubility of Fi. Accordingly, after the elimination of Fi, the one-step fractionation significantly enhanced the antibacterial activity of lignin against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of biological macromolecules
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The most abundant natural aromatic organic polymer found in all vascular plants. Lignin together with cellulose and hemicellulose are the major cell wall components of the fibers of all wood and grass species. Lignin is composed of coniferyl, p-coumaryl, and sinapyl alcohols in varying ratios in different plant species. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
A copper-containing oxidoreductase enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of 4-benzenediol to 4-benzosemiquinone. It also has activity towards a variety of O-quinols and P-quinols. It primarily found in FUNGI and is involved in LIGNIN degradation, pigment biosynthesis and detoxification of lignin-derived products.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. Young shoots are eaten in Asian foods while the stiff mature stems are used for construction of many things. The common name of bamboo is also used for other genera of Poaceae including Phyllostachys, SASA, and Dendrocalamus.
Sulfuric acid diammonium salt. It is used in CHEMICAL FRACTIONATION of proteins.
An order of EUKARYOTES found in the gut of termites and other insects that live on LIGNIN. MITOCHONDRIA and GOLGI APPARATUS are absent from oxymonads.