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Attenuated Listeria monocytogenes protecting zebrafish (Danio rerio) against Vibrio species challenge.

08:00 EDT 12th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Attenuated Listeria monocytogenes protecting zebrafish (Danio rerio) against Vibrio species challenge."

Live attenuated bacteria is a promising candidate vector for the delivery of vaccines in clinic trials. In the field of aquaculture industry, live vector vaccine also could provide long-term and effective protection against fish bacterial diseases. In our previous work, we demonstrated attenuated Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) had the potential to be an aquaculture vaccine vector in cellular level and zebrafish model. To further investigate the potential application of attenuated Lm in aquaculture vaccines, the outer membrane protein K (OmpK) from Vibrio parahaemolyticus (V. parahaemolyticus), as a conservative protective antigen, was fused to a new antigen-delivery system, and introduced into double-gene attenuated Lm strain (EGDe-ΔactA/inlB, Lmdd) to get live-vector vaccine strain Lmdd-OmpK. The strain Lmdd-OmpK showed the stable secrete efficacy of OmpK and was tested the cross-protective immunity against Vibrio species. After intraperitoneal administration in zebrafish, Lmdd and Lmdd-OmpK strain both improved the survival rates of zebrafish infected by V. parahaemolyticus, Vibrio alginolyticus (V. alginolyticus) and Vibrio anguillarum (V. anguillarum), respectively. In summary, attenuated Lm is able to protect zebrafish against Vibrio species challenge, illustrating its potential value for further aquaculture vaccines development.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Microbial pathogenesis
ISSN: 1096-1208
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Inflammation of the meninges caused by LISTERIA MONOCYTOGENES infection, usually occurring in individuals under the age of 3 years or over the age of 50 years. It may occur at any age in individuals with IMMUNOLOGIC DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES. Clinical manifestations include FEVER, altered mentation, HEADACHE, meningeal signs, focal neurologic signs, and SEIZURES. (From Medicine 1998 Sep;77(5):313-36)

A species of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in nature. It has been isolated from sewage, soil, silage, and from feces of healthy animals and man. Infection with this bacterium leads to encephalitis, meningitis, endocarditis, and abortion.

Proteins obtained from the ZEBRAFISH. Many of the proteins in this species have been the subject of studies involving basic embryological development (EMBRYOLOGY).

Bacteriocins produced by species of PEDIOCOCCUS. They range from 3.5-4.6 kDa in mass, contain a conserved YGNGVXCXK motif and beta sheet at their N-terminals, and a more diverse hydrophobic or amphiphilic C-terminal alpha helical domain. They function as antimicrobial peptides against several pathogenic species of GRAM POSITIVE BACTERIA, including LISTERIA MONOCYTOGENES and are useful as FOOD PRESERVATIVES.

Infections with bacteria of the genus LISTERIA.

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