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Evaluation of a rapid and automated heparin-induced thrombocytopenia immunoassay.

08:00 EDT 15th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Evaluation of a rapid and automated heparin-induced thrombocytopenia immunoassay."

Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a potentially life-threatening adverse reaction of heparin. Laboratory evaluation of HIT is often not available within a reasonable time. We evaluated the HemosIL HIT-Ab (Instrumentation Laboratory), a rapid, on-demand, fully automated, latex immunoturbidimetric assay (LIA).

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of laboratory hematology
ISSN: 1751-553X
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Coagulant substances inhibiting the anticoagulant action of heparin.

A heparin fraction with a mean molecular weight of 4500 daltons. It is isolated from porcine mucosal heparin and used as an antithrombotic agent. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)

Heparin fractions with a molecular weight usually between 4000 and 6000 kD. These low-molecular-weight fractions are effective antithrombotic agents. Their administration reduces the risk of hemorrhage, they have a longer half-life, and their platelet interactions are reduced in comparison to unfractionated heparin. They also provide an effective prophylaxis against postoperative major pulmonary embolism.

A group of simple proteins that yield basic amino acids on hydrolysis and that occur combined with nucleic acid in the sperm of fish. Protamines contain very few kinds of amino acids. Protamine sulfate combines with heparin to form a stable inactive complex; it is used to neutralize the anticoagulant action of heparin in the treatment of heparin overdose. (From Merck Index, 11th ed; Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p692)

Low-molecular-weight fragment of heparin, having a 4-enopyranosuronate sodium structure at the non-reducing end of the chain. It is prepared by depolymerization of the benzylic ester of porcine mucosal heparin. Therapeutically, it is used as an antithrombotic agent. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)

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