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The presence of ≥3 oligoclonal bands (OCB) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) without corresponding bands in serum represents a definite pathological pattern, whereas the clinical significance of 1-2 CSF bands (borderline pattern) is poorly investigated.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PloS one
Myriad infectious and noninfectious causes of encephalomyelitis (EM) have similar clinical manifestations, presenting serious challenges to diagnosis and treatment. Metabolomics of cerebrospinal fluid...
Cryptococcal meningoencephalitis is the most common fungal infection of the central nervous system diagnosed by cerebrospinal fluid cytology (CSF) studies. Existing literature suggests that routine CS...
Usually, central nervous system (CNS) involvement in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is diagnosed by cytomorphology (CM) of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) on cytospin slides. Multicolor flow cytometry (...
The serum diagnosis of anti-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody (MOG-Ab) associated diseases can be confirmed by the presence of the MOG-Ab, yet its levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are of...
The current tools available for detecting malignant neoplasms in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are neurologic examination, followed by neuroimaging, cytology and molecular techniques. To highlight the...
The primary purpose of this study is to assess biomarker known as amyloid beta peptide 40 (Ab40) in Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF), following a single oral dose of PAZ-417 in subjects with Alz...
It is hypothesized that the acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, donepezil, will increase acute cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) actylcholine levels in healthy volunteers following a 5mg single dose o...
This research will be achieved by the assessment of p75NTR-ECD expression (total and linked to different species of Aβ (Aβ1-40 and Aβ-1-42)) within the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of pati...
The primary goal is to quantify cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) volume, diffusion characteristics and mechanical properties of brain tissue at two states of arousal.
Cerebrospinal fluid is a clear, colorless fluid that circulates in the cranial and spinal subarachnoid spaces, located between the pia and arachnoid matters. It is mainly produced by the c...
Discharge of cerebrospinal fluid through a hole through the skull bone most commonly draining from the nose (CEREBROSPINAL FLUID RHINORRHEA) or the ear (CEREBROSPINAL FLUID OTORRHEA).
Multiple protein bands serving as markers of specific ANTIBODIES and detected by ELECTROPHORESIS of CEREBROSPINAL FLUID or serum. The bands are most often seen during inflammatory or immune processes and are found in most patients with MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.
Proteins in the cerebrospinal fluid, normally albumin and globulin present in the ratio of 8 to 1. Increases in protein levels are of diagnostic value in neurological diseases. (Brain and Bannister's Clinical Neurology, 7th ed, p221)
Tubes inserted to create communication between a cerebral ventricle and the internal jugular vein. Their emplacement permits draining of cerebrospinal fluid for relief of hydrocephalus or other condition leading to fluid accumulation in the ventricles.
Discharge of cerebrospinal fluid through the nose. Common etiologies include trauma, neoplasms, and prior surgery, although the condition may occur spontaneously. (Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1997 Apr;116(4):442-9)