Early Onset Neovascular Inflammatory Vitreoretinopathy Due to a De Novo CAPN5 Mutation: Report of a Case.

08:00 EDT 15th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Early Onset Neovascular Inflammatory Vitreoretinopathy Due to a De Novo CAPN5 Mutation: Report of a Case."

Autosomal dominant neovascular inflammatory vitreoretinopathy (ADNIV) is a rare autoimmune condition that typically presents as progressive uveitis and vitreoretinal degeneration between the second and third decades of life. Though traditionally attributed to inherited mutations of the CAPN5 gene, few reports of de novo variants exist. This report of vision and hearing loss in a 3 year-old girl describes the youngest documented case of ADNIV due to a de novo pathogenic c.865C>T (p.Arg289Trp) CAPN5 variant, illustrating the early stages of this enigmatic disease process.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Ocular immunology and inflammation
ISSN: 1744-5078
Pages: 1-3


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A disease that results from a congenital defect in ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX IV. Defects in ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX IV can be caused by mutations in the SURF1, SCO2, COX10, or SCO1 genes. ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX IV deficiency caused by mutation in SURF1 manifests itself as LEIGH DISEASE; that caused by mutation in SCO2 as fatal infantile cardioencephalomyopathy; that caused by mutation in COX10 as tubulopathy and leukodystrophy; and that caused by mutation in SCO1 as early-onset hepatic failure and neurologic disorder. (from Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man,, MIM#220110, May 17, 2001)

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Genes that show rapid and transient expression in the absence of de novo protein synthesis. The term was originally used exclusively for viral genes where immediate-early referred to transcription immediately following virus integration into the host cell. It is also used to describe cellular genes which are expressed immediately after resting cells are stimulated by extracellular signals such as growth factors and neurotransmitters.

Proteins that are coded by immediate-early genes, in the absence of de novo protein synthesis. The term was originally used exclusively for viral regulatory proteins that were synthesized just after viral integration into the host cell. It is also used to describe cellular proteins which are synthesized immediately after the resting cell is stimulated by extracellular signals.

An early onset form of phytanic acid storage disease with clinical and biochemical signs different from those of REFSUM DISEASE. Features include MENTAL RETARDATION; SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS; OSTEOPOROSIS; and severe liver damage. It can be caused by mutation in a number of genes encoding proteins involving in the biogenesis or assembly of PEROXISOMES.

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