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Early Onset Neovascular Inflammatory Vitreoretinopathy Due to a De Novo CAPN5 Mutation: Report of a Case.

08:00 EDT 15th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Early Onset Neovascular Inflammatory Vitreoretinopathy Due to a De Novo CAPN5 Mutation: Report of a Case."

Autosomal dominant neovascular inflammatory vitreoretinopathy (ADNIV) is a rare autoimmune condition that typically presents as progressive uveitis and vitreoretinal degeneration between the second and third decades of life. Though traditionally attributed to inherited mutations of the CAPN5 gene, few reports of de novo variants exist. This report of vision and hearing loss in a 3 year-old girl describes the youngest documented case of ADNIV due to a de novo pathogenic c.865C>T (p.Arg289Trp) CAPN5 variant, illustrating the early stages of this enigmatic disease process.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Ocular immunology and inflammation
ISSN: 1744-5078
Pages: 1-3

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

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A syndrome characterized by multiple system abnormalities including DWARFISM; PHOTOSENSITIVITY DISORDERS; PREMATURE AGING; and HEARING LOSS. It is caused by mutations of a number of autosomal recessive genes encoding proteins that involve transcriptional-coupled DNA REPAIR processes. Cockayne syndrome is classified by the severity and age of onset. Type I (classical; CSA) is early childhood onset in the second year of life; type II (congenital; CSB) is early onset at birth with severe symptoms; type III (xeroderma pigmentosum; XP) is late childhood onset with mild symptoms.

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Proteins that are coded by immediate-early genes, in the absence of de novo protein synthesis. The term was originally used exclusively for viral regulatory proteins that were synthesized just after viral integration into the host cell. It is also used to describe cellular proteins which are synthesized immediately after the resting cell is stimulated by extracellular signals.

An early onset form of phytanic acid storage disease with clinical and biochemical signs different from those of REFSUM DISEASE. Features include MENTAL RETARDATION; SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS; OSTEOPOROSIS; and severe liver damage. It can be caused by mutation in a number of genes encoding proteins involving in the biogenesis or assembly of PEROXISOMES.

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