Advertisement

Topics

How Normal Are "Normal" Errors of Language and Cognition?

08:00 EDT 15th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "How Normal Are "Normal" Errors of Language and Cognition?"

Purpose The aim of this study was to estimate the frequency and severity of common errors and inefficiencies of language and cognition in the general population. Method Item-response theory parameters were analyzed from the Neuro-QOL Cognitive Function Item Bank v2.0, which references a large normative sample that mirrors the demographics of the U.S. Census. Item parameters were analyzed to reveal the most likely responses to items about errors and inefficiencies of language and cognition. These most likely responses were estimated for each of 25 levels of theta to reveal normal and gradations of abnormal experiences of errors and inefficiencies. Results A typical experience with language and cognitive errors and inefficiencies (e.g., producing a T score between 40 and 60) is to have "a little" difficulty with each task that was assessed or to experience nearly every error/inefficiency at least once a week. Word-finding effort was particularly ubiquitous, as was the experience of walking into a room and forgetting one's intention. Conclusions It is typical to experience errors and inefficiencies of language and cognition. This analysis describes a typical experience for an average person in a highly representative sample. However, more work is needed in order to learn what is typical for more specific subgroups, for example, based on age.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR
ISSN: 1558-9102
Pages: 1-5

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [8756 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Effects of speech rate, preview time of visual context, and participant instructions reveal strong limits on prediction in language processing.

There is a consensus among language researchers that people can predict upcoming language. But do people always predict when comprehending language? Notions that "brains … are essentially prediction...

Near-total absence of REM sleep co-occurring with normal cognition: an update of the 1984 paper.

REM sleep (REMS) is considered vital for supporting well-being and normal cognition. However, it remains unclear if and how decreases in REMS impair cognitive abilities. Rare case studies of patients ...

Functional lateralization of major Chinese language cortex for presurgical evaluation in neurosurgery.

To investigate the functional lateralization of major Chinese language cortex in patients with cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) in dominant hemispheric via functional magnetic resonance imagi...

Identifying Developmental Language Disorder in Vietnamese Children.

Purpose Developmental language disorder (DLD), defined by low language performance despite otherwise normal development, can negatively impact children's social and academic outcomes. This study is th...

Cognitive Effects of White Matter Pathology in Normal and Pathological Aging.

We examined whether cerebrovascular white matter pathology is related to cognition as measured by the compound score of CERAD neuropsychological battery in cognitively normal older adults, patients wi...

Clinical Trials [7916 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Language Error Type Evaluation in Developmental Delay Preschool Children by PLS-C

Purpose: To assess age and gender effect in the language error type (semantics, syntax and pragmatics)of developmental delay preschool aged children, a standardize tool "Preschool L...

Improving Parental Understanding of Medication Instructions Through a Pictogram-Based Intervention

Liquid medication administration errors are common, and place children at risk for adverse events. Caregivers with low socioeconomic status (SES), low education and poor health literacy s...

Efficacy of Computerized Cognitive Training in the Elderly With Mild Cognitive Impairment

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is the prodrome of the cognitive function declining before Alzheimer's disease or other dementia showed up, the impairments of language, visuospatial relati...

tDCS Intervention in Primary Progressive Aphasia

Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is a neurodegenerative disease that affects first and foremost language abilities. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is slowly progressive decline in a sing...

The RBANS-H in Older Adults With Normal Hearing or Age-related Hearing Loss

The present cross-sectional study aims to examine the cognitive capabilities of older adults, aged 50 to 89, with normal hearing or age-related hearing loss by means of the Repeatable Batt...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Errors or mistakes committed by health professionals which result in harm to the patient. They include errors in diagnosis (DIAGNOSTIC ERRORS), errors in the administration of drugs and other medications (MEDICATION ERRORS), errors in the performance of surgical procedures, in the use of other types of therapy, in the use of equipment, and in the interpretation of laboratory findings. Medical errors are differentiated from MALPRACTICE in that the former are regarded as honest mistakes or accidents while the latter is the result of negligence, reprehensible ignorance, or criminal intent.

A period of time away from normal workflow taken to ensure key procedural details have been reviewed for better PATIENT SAFETY and help prevent MEDICAL ERRORS.

A syndrome characterized by the onset of isolated language dysfunction in otherwise normal children (age of onset 4-7 years) and epileptiform discharges on ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY. Seizures, including atypical absence (EPILEPSY, ABSENCE), complex partial (EPILEPSY, COMPLEX PARTIAL), and other types may occur. The electroencephalographic abnormalities and seizures tend to resolve by puberty. The language disorder may also resolve although some individuals are left with severe language dysfunction, including APHASIA and auditory AGNOSIA. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp749-50; J Child Neurol 1997 Nov;12(8):489-495)

Disturbances in the normal fluency and time patterning of speech that are inappropriate for the individual's age and language skills. (DSM-V)

Normal cellular isoform of prion proteins (PRIONS) encoded by a chromosomal gene and found in normal and scrapie-infected brain tissue, and other normal tissue. PrPC are protease-sensitive proteins whose function is unknown. Posttranslational modification of PrPC into PrPSC leads to infectivity.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...


Searches Linking to this Article