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Purpose The aim of this study was to estimate the frequency and severity of common errors and inefficiencies of language and cognition in the general population. Method Item-response theory parameters were analyzed from the Neuro-QOL Cognitive Function Item Bank v2.0, which references a large normative sample that mirrors the demographics of the U.S. Census. Item parameters were analyzed to reveal the most likely responses to items about errors and inefficiencies of language and cognition. These most likely responses were estimated for each of 25 levels of theta to reveal normal and gradations of abnormal experiences of errors and inefficiencies. Results A typical experience with language and cognitive errors and inefficiencies (e.g., producing a T score between 40 and 60) is to have "a little" difficulty with each task that was assessed or to experience nearly every error/inefficiency at least once a week. Word-finding effort was particularly ubiquitous, as was the experience of walking into a room and forgetting one's intention. Conclusions It is typical to experience errors and inefficiencies of language and cognition. This analysis describes a typical experience for an average person in a highly representative sample. However, more work is needed in order to learn what is typical for more specific subgroups, for example, based on age.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR
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Errors or mistakes committed by health professionals which result in harm to the patient. They include errors in diagnosis (DIAGNOSTIC ERRORS), errors in the administration of drugs and other medications (MEDICATION ERRORS), errors in the performance of surgical procedures, in the use of other types of therapy, in the use of equipment, and in the interpretation of laboratory findings. Medical errors are differentiated from MALPRACTICE in that the former are regarded as honest mistakes or accidents while the latter is the result of negligence, reprehensible ignorance, or criminal intent.
A period of time away from normal workflow taken to ensure key procedural details have been reviewed for better PATIENT SAFETY and help prevent MEDICAL ERRORS.
A syndrome characterized by the onset of isolated language dysfunction in otherwise normal children (age of onset 4-7 years) and epileptiform discharges on ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY. Seizures, including atypical absence (EPILEPSY, ABSENCE), complex partial (EPILEPSY, COMPLEX PARTIAL), and other types may occur. The electroencephalographic abnormalities and seizures tend to resolve by puberty. The language disorder may also resolve although some individuals are left with severe language dysfunction, including APHASIA and auditory AGNOSIA. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp749-50; J Child Neurol 1997 Nov;12(8):489-495)
Disturbances in the normal fluency and time patterning of speech that are inappropriate for the individual's age and language skills. (DSM-V)
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Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...