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Cluster 2 (HDDDNAHAHTH) from Neisseria meningitidis ZnuD is a flexible loop that captures zinc(II) ions, acting as a "fishing net". We describe its Zn(II) and Cu(II) binding capabilities, focusing on the thermodynamics of such interactions and comparing them with the complexes of the MAHHHHHHL-NH region. Copper(II) complexes with the studied ZnuD regions are thermodynamically more stable than the zinc(II) ones-Cu(II) complexes dominate in solution even in close to physiological ratios of the studied metal ions (a 10-fold excess of Zn(II) over Cu(II)). While the binding of native Zn(II) has no significant impact on the structure of its transporter, Cu(II) binding induces a conformational change of cluster 2 to a polyproline II-like helix. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first evidence of a copper(II)-induced formation of a polyproline II-like structure in a sequence that does not contain proline residues. Cu(II) coordination also changes the structure of an intracellular, N-terminal, His-rich region, folding it to an α helix.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Inorganic chemistry
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Unstable isotopes of copper that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Cu atoms with atomic weights 58-62, 64, and 66-68 are radioactive copper isotopes.
P-type ATPases which transport copper ions across membranes in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. They possess a conserved CYSTEINE-HISTIDINE-SERINE (CPx) amino acid motif within their transmembrane helices that functions in cation translocation and catalytic activation, and an N-terminal copper-binding CxxC motif that regulates enzyme activity. They play essential roles in intracellular copper homeostasis through regulating the uptake, efflux and storage of copper ions, and in cuproprotein biosynthesis.
A multi-copper blood FERROXIDASE involved in iron and copper homeostasis and inflammation.
Strains of Neisseria meningitidis found mostly in Africa.
A high-affinity, low capacity system y+ amino acid transporter with strong similarity to CATIONIC AMINO ACID TRANSPORTER 1. The two isoforms of the protein, CAT-2A and CAT-2B, exist due to alternative mRNA splicing. The transporter has specificity for the transport of ARGININE; LYSINE; and ORNITHINE.