Preoperative and postoperative risk factors in laparoscopic cholecystectomy converted to open surgery.

08:00 EDT 13th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Preoperative and postoperative risk factors in laparoscopic cholecystectomy converted to open surgery."

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is nowadays the gold standard in the surgical treatment of cholelithiasis and gallbladder diseases. But sometimes it may be inevitable to convert it to open surgery to safely end the procedure.


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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Advances in clinical and experimental medicine : official organ Wroclaw Medical University
ISSN: 1899-5276


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Excision of the gallbladder through an abdominal incision using a laparoscope.

The relating of causes to the effects they produce. Causes are termed necessary when they must always precede an effect and sufficient when they initiate or produce an effect. Any of several factors may be associated with the potential disease causation or outcome, including predisposing factors, enabling factors, precipitating factors, reinforcing factors, and risk factors.

Factors that can cause or prevent the outcome of interest, are not intermediate variables, and are not associated with the factor(s) under investigation. They give rise to situations in which the effects of two processes are not separated, or the contribution of causal factors cannot be separated, or the measure of the effect of exposure or risk is distorted because of its association with other factors influencing the outcome of the study.

Procedures that avoid use of open, invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-controlled manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device.

Incision of Oddi's sphincter or Vater's ampulla performed by inserting a sphincterotome through an endoscope (DUODENOSCOPE) often following retrograde cholangiography (CHOLANGIOPANCREATOGRAPHY, ENDOSCOPIC RETROGRADE). Endoscopic treatment by sphincterotomy is the preferred method of treatment for patients with retained or recurrent bile duct stones post-cholecystectomy, and for poor-surgical-risk patients that have the gallbladder still present.

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Surgical treatments
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...

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