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Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. CF cells and tissues exhibit various mitochondrial abnormalities. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain elusive. Here, we examined the mechanisms through which CFTR regulates Bcl-2 family proteins, which in turn regulate permeabilization of the mitochondrial outer membrane. Notably, inhibition of CFTR activated Bax and Bad, but inhibited Bcl-2. Moreover, degradation of phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) and AKT increased significantly in CFTR-knockdown cells. Dysfunction of CFTR decreased heat-shock protein 90 (Hsp90) mRNA levels, and CFTR was found to interact with Hsp90. Inhibition of Hsp90 by SNX-2112 induced the degradation of phosphorylated AKT and ERK1/2 in Caco2 and HRT18 cells. These findings may help provide insights into the physiological role of CFTR in CF-related diseases.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: FEBS open bio
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The purpose of this study is to explore the use of off-label CFTR modulators that may affect CFTR function in patients with CFTR mutations that are not currently approved for these drugs.
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A microfilament protein that interacts with F-ACTIN and regulates cortical actin assembly and organization. It is also an SH3 DOMAIN containing phosphoprotein, and it mediates tyrosine PHOSPHORYLATION based SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION by PROTO-ONCOGENE PROTEIN PP60(C-SRC).
A chloride channel that regulates secretion in many exocrine tissues. Abnormalities in the CFTR gene have been shown to cause cystic fibrosis. (Hum Genet 1994;93(4):364-8)
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A strain of mice widely studied as a model for cystic fibrosis. These mice are generated from embryonic stem cells in which the CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) gene is inactivated by gene targeting. As a result, all mice have one copy of this altered gene in all their tissues. Mice homozygous for the disrupted gene exhibit many features common to young cystic fibrosis patients, including failure to thrive, meconium ileus, and alteration of mucous and serous glands.
Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.
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Affecting over 8,500 people in the UK, Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is one of the UK's most common life-threatening inherited diseases. Around half of the CF population can expect to live over 38 years, although improvements in treatments mean a baby born ...