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Few prospective studies exist on indoor and outdoor air pollution in relation to adolescent rhinitis. We studied associations between onset and remission of rhinitis among junior high school students in relation to the home and school environment. A two-year questionnaire cohort study was performed among 1325 students (11-15 y) in eight schools in Taiyuan, Northern China. Climate and air pollution were measured by direct reading instruments and passive samplers inside and outside the schools at baseline. Associations were calculated by multilevel logistic regression. Two-year onset of rhinitis and weekly rhinitis were 26.7% and 13.1%, respectively. RH (p<0.001), CO (p<0.01) and PM (p<0.01) in the classrooms, PM (p<0.01) and NO (p<0.05) outside the schools, and redecoration (OR=2.25) and dampness/indoor mould at home (OR=2.04) were associated with onset of weekly rhinitis. RH (p<0.05) and CO (p<0.05) in the classroom and dampness/indoor mould (OR=0.67) and environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) at home (OR=0.63) reduced remission of rhinitis. In conclusion, dampness/mould and chemical emissions from new materials at home can increase onset of rhinitis and ETS and dampness/mould can reduce the remission. PM , RH, CO and NO at school can increase the onset and RH and CO can reduce the remission of rhinitis. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Indoor air
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