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Candidatus Syntrophosphaera thermopropionivorans: a novel player in syntrophic propionate oxidation during anaerobic digestion.

08:00 EDT 15th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Candidatus Syntrophosphaera thermopropionivorans: a novel player in syntrophic propionate oxidation during anaerobic digestion."

Propionate is an important intermediate in the anaerobic mineralization of organic matter. In methanogenic environments its degradation relies on syntrophic associations between syntrophic propionate-oxidizing bacteria (SPOB) and Archaea. However, only ten isolated species have been identified as SPOB so far. We report syntrophic propionate oxidation in thermophilic enrichments of Candidatus Syntrophosphaera thermopropionivorans, a novel representative of the candidate phylum Cloacimonetes. In enrichment culture, methane was produced from propionate, while Ca. S. thermopropionivorans contributed 63% to total bacterial cells. The draft genome of Ca. S. thermopropionivorans encodes genes for propionate oxidation via methymalonyl-CoA. Phylogenetically, Ca. S. thermopropionivorans affiliates with the uncultured Cloacimonadaceae W5 and is more distantly related (86.4% 16S rRNA gene identity) to Ca. Cloacimonas acidaminovorans. Although Ca. S. thermopropionivorans was enriched from a thermophilic biogas reactor, Ca. Syntrophosphaera was in particular associated with mesophilic anaerobic digestion systems. 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing and a novel genus-specific quantitative PCR assay consistently identified Ca. Syntrophosphaera/Cloacimonadaceae W5 in 9 out of 12 tested full-scale biogas reactors thereby outnumbering other SPOB such as Pelotomaculum, Smithella and Syntrophobacter. Taken together the ubiquity and abundance of Ca. Syntrophosphaera, those SPOB might be key players for syntrophic propionate metabolism that have been overlooked before. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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Name: Environmental microbiology reports
ISSN: 1758-2229
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