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A simple and highly sensitive Ultra High-performance Liquid Chromatographic -Diode array detection method (UHPLC-DAD) was developed and validated for the simultaneous estimation of levetiracetam (LEV) and lacosamide (LAC). It was clinically proven that the combination of LEV and LAC exhibits a synergistic effect against refractory seizures in mice, which was the motivation for the analysis of this binary mixture both in bulk and human urine samples. The binary mixture was resolved on a Hypersil BDS C analytical column, utilizing a mobile phase of 0.050 mol L phosphate buffer (pH 5.60), methanol and acetonitrile in the ratio (80:10:10 v/v/v) using catechol as an internal standard (IS). The mobile phase was pumped at a flow rate of 1.2 mL min with diode array detection (DAD) at 205 nm for both drugs and 270 nm for IS. Calibration curves were linear with correlation coefficient (> 0.9990) over the studied concentration range of 0.1 - 70.0 μg mL for both drugs. The developed method was found to be reproducible with low relative standard deviation (RSD) values for intra- and inter-day precision (< 2.0 %). Both drugs were determined in bulk, pharmaceutical formulations, and human urine samples without any interference from complex matrices.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biomedical chromatography : BMC
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