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Double-wavelet transform for multi-subject task-induced functional magnetic resonance imaging data.

08:00 EDT 15th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Double-wavelet transform for multi-subject task-induced functional magnetic resonance imaging data."

The goal of this article is to model multi-subject task-induced fMRI response among predefined regions of interest (ROIs) of the human brain. Conventional approaches to fMRI analysis only take into account temporal correlations, but do not rigorously model the underlying spatial correlation due to the complexity of estimating and inverting the high dimensional spatio-temporal covariance matrix. Other spatio-temporal model approaches estimate the covariance matrix with the assumption of stationary time series, which is not always feasible. To address these limitations, we propose a double-wavelet approach for modeling the spatio-temporal brain process. Working with wavelet coefficients simplifies temporal and spatial covariance structure because under regularity conditions, wavelet coefficients are approximately uncorrelated. Different wavelet functions were used to capture different correlation structures in the spatio-temporal model. The main advantages of the wavelet approach are that it is scalable and that it deals with non-stationarity in brain signals. Simulation studies showed that our method could reduce false positive and false negative rates by taking into account spatial and temporal correlations simultaneously. We also applied our method to fMRI data to study activation in pre-specified ROIs in the prefontal cortex. Data analysis showed that the result using the double-wavelet approach was more consistent than the conventional approach when sample size decreased. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Biometrics
ISSN: 1541-0420
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