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Impaired decidualization caused by downregulation of Circadian Clock Gene BMAL1 contributes to human recurrent miscarriage.

08:00 EDT 15th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Impaired decidualization caused by downregulation of Circadian Clock Gene BMAL1 contributes to human recurrent miscarriage."

Recurrent miscarriage (RM) is characterized by two or more consecutive losses of a clinically established intrauterine pregnancy at early gestation. To date, the etiology of RM remains poorly understood. Impaired decidualization is thought to predispose women to subsequent pregnancy failure. The transcriptional factor brain and muscle aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator-like (BMAL1) controls circadian rhythms and regulates a very large diversity of physiological processes. BMAL1 is essential for fertility. Here, we investigated the expression and function of BMAL1 in human decidualization and its relation with RM. A total of 39 decidua samples were collected. We also examined human endometrial stromal cells (HESCs) and primary endometrial stromal cells (ESCs), and primary decidual stromal cells (DSCs) isolated from decidua of first trimester pregnancies. Compared to normal pregnant women, the expression of BMAL1 was reduced in the decidual tissues from individuals with RM. After in vitro induction of decidualization, the transcription of BMAL1 in both HESCs and primary ESCs was increased. This is in line with the relatively higher expression of BMAL1 in DSCs than in ESCs. Silencing of BMAL1 resulted in impaired decidualization. Moreover, levels of tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) increased significantly upon decidualization. Further experiments demonstrated that BMAL1 silencing curtails the ability of DSCs to restrict excessive trophoblast invasion via downregulation of TIMP3. Our study demonstrates a functional role for BMAL1 during decidualization: the downregulation of BMAL1 in RM leads to impaired decidualization and aberrant trophoblast invasion by regulating TIMP3 and consequently predisposing individuals for RM.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Biology of reproduction
ISSN: 1529-7268
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A DNA-binding orphan nuclear receptor that negatively regulates expression of ARNTL TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS and plays a role as a regulatory component of the circadian clock system. The Nr1d1 nuclear receptor expression is cyclically-regulated by a feedback loop involving its positive regulation by CLOCK PROTEIN; BMAL1 PROTEIN heterodimers and its negative regulation by CRYPTOCHROME and PERIOD PROTEINS.

Circadian rhythm signaling proteins that influence circadian clock by interacting with other circadian regulatory proteins and transporting them into the CELL NUCLEUS.

Basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) domain-containing proteins that contain intrinsic HISTONE ACETYLTRANSFERASE activity and play important roles in CIRCADIAN RHYTHM regulation. Clock proteins combine with Arntl proteins to form heterodimeric transcription factors that are specific for E-BOX ELEMENTS and stimulate the transcription of several E-box genes that are involved in cyclical regulation. This transcriptional activation also sets into motion a time-dependent feedback loop which in turn down-regulates the expression of clock proteins.

A DNA-binding orphan nuclear receptor that positively regulates expression of ARNTL TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS and is a regulatory component of the circadian clock system. The protein also has a role in neuron cell survival and differentiation in that loss of function mutations of its gene result in the mouse phenotype referred to as the STAGGERER MOUSE.

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