Urban sprawl in China: Differences and socioeconomic drivers.

08:00 EDT 8th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Urban sprawl in China: Differences and socioeconomic drivers."

China's unprecedented urbanization has resulted in accelerating urban sprawl, which is threatening the country's eco-environmental quality and socioeconomic sustainability. In this study, we integrated urban land census data and urban district population data to examine the pattern of urban sprawl and identify differences, and to investigate the socioeconomic drivers of urban sprawl in China between 2006 and 2014. The results revealed that China has experienced drastic urban sprawl over almost all of the last decade with an average urban sprawl index (USI) of 3.16%. However, the rate of urban sprawl has decreased since 2010. In addition, regional distribution, urban size, and hierarchy have different effects on urban sprawl. In particular, cities with severe urban sprawl should be noted, such as large and medium cities in eastern China, large cities in central China, small-A and large-B cities in western China, and large-A cities in northeast China. We also found that urban sprawl was significantly associated with urban population density, gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, and industrial structure. Further, when the spatial heterogeneity was considered, the driving forces of urban sprawl exhibited different magnitudes and directions. Our results indicate that to formulate effective urban planning and land use policies, decision-makers should seriously consider the differences in urban sprawl depending on region, urban size, and hierarchy.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The Science of the total environment
ISSN: 1879-1026
Pages: 367-377


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [9987 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Towards sustainability? Analyzing changing urban form patterns in the United States, Europe, and China.

Urban form characterizes the spatial structure of fixed elements within a city, which affects daily life and has significant influence on environmental sustainability. Measuring the spatiotemporal cha...

Impacts of urban form on air quality: Emissions on the road and concentrations in the US metropolitan areas.

In the United States (US), one of the effects of urban sprawl is more vehicular travel. The increase in emissions from road traffic renders air quality management unsuccessful, in spite of the efforts...

Hukou system, mechanisms, and health stratification across the life course in rural and urban China.

The literature on rural-urban health disparities have mostly focused on de facto rural/urban differences, and its intersections with de jure rural-urban divide are less understood. This research provi...

Drivers of changing urban flood risk: A framework for action.

This study focuses on drivers for changing urban flood risk. We suggest a framework for guiding climate change adaptation action concerning flood risk and manageability in cities. The identified key d...

What factors predict drivers' self-reported lane change violation behavior at urban intersections? A study in China.

Lane change violations are a major cause of traffic conflicts and accidents at urban intersections and one of many road-safety issues in China. This study aims to explore the socio-psychological facto...

Clinical Trials [3682 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Baseline Investigation of Patients With Cardiac Arrest in China

BASIC is a perspective, multicentre and large-scale registry focusing on of patients suffering a cardiac arrest in China. The aims of the study are to establish the monitoring sites coveri...

Racial and Socioeconomic Differences in Chronic Low Back Pain

It remains unclear whether certain disadvantaged subgroups of society may be at heightened risk for poor chronic low back pain (cLBP) outcomes. The overall aim of this study is to incorpor...

Randomized Controlled Trial Examining Health Care Access Interventions for Taxi Drivers

The investigators are testing different ways of following up with drivers who attend our health fairs to find the best way to make sure that taxi drivers go to important medical appointmen...

Socioeconomic Position in Acute Colorectal Cancer Surgery

Acute colon cancer surgery has a poor 90-day mortality of 21.0% compared with only 3% after elective colorectal cancer surgery in Denmark. The high mortality after acute colon cancer surge...

Pre Post Evaluation of Temperature, Steps, and Glucose With Additional Time Spent Outdoors in an Urban and Rural Setting

This research was designed with partners to determine differences in temperature exposures in urban and rural communities in Alabama. The investigators hypothesized that significant differ...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Gap between individuals, households, businesses and geographic areas at different socioeconomic levels with regard to both their opportunities to access electronic information and communication technologies (ICTs). Their use of the Internet for a wide variety of activities, reflects various differences among and within countries.

The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.

The planned upgrading of a deteriorating urban area, involving rebuilding, renovation, or restoration. It frequently refers to programs of major demolition and rebuilding of blighted areas.

The status of health in urban populations.

Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article