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Letermovir (AIC246, MK-8228) is a human cytomegalovirus terminase inhibitor indicated for the prophylaxis of cytomegalovirus infection and disease in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients that is also being investigated for use in other transplant settings. Many transplant patients receive immunosuppressant drugs, of which several have narrow therapeutic ranges. There is a potential for the coadministration of letermovir with these agents, and any potential effect on their pharmacokinetics (PK) must be understood. Five phase 1 trials were conducted in 73 healthy female participants to evaluate the effect of letermovir on the PK of cyclosporine, tacrolimus, sirolimus, and mycophenolic acid (active metabolite of mycophenolate mofetil [MMF]), as well as the effect of cyclosporine and MMF on letermovir PK. Safety and tolerability were also assessed. Coadministration of letermovir with cyclosporine, tacrolimus, and sirolimus resulted in 1.7-, 2.4-, and 3.4-fold increases in area under the plasma concentration-time curve and 1.1-, 1.6-, and 2.8-fold increases in maximum plasma concentration, respectively, of the immunosuppressants. Coadministration of letermovir and MMF had no meaningful effect on the PK of mycophenolic acid. Coadministration with cyclosporine increased letermovir area under the plasma concentration-time curve by 2.1-fold and maximum plasma concentration by 1.5-fold, while coadministration with MMF did not meaningfully affect the PK of letermovir. Given the increased exposures of cyclosporine, tacrolimus, and sirolimus, frequent monitoring of concentrations should be performed during administration and at discontinuation of letermovir, with dose adjustment as needed. These data support the reduction in clinical dosage of letermovir (to 240 mg) upon coadministration with cyclosporine.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of clinical pharmacology
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The action of a drug that may affect the activity, metabolism, or toxicity of another drug.
Specific effects of drugs and substances on metabolic pathways such as those occurring through the CYTOCHROME P-450 ENZYME SYSTEM. These include effects that often result in DRUG INTERACTIONS; FOOD-DRUG INTERACTIONS; and HERB-DRUG INTERACTIONS.
The properties and processes of drug metabolism and drug interactions.
Forms to which substances are incorporated to improve the delivery and the effectiveness of drugs. Drug carriers are used in drug-delivery systems such as the controlled-release technology to prolong in vivo drug actions, decrease drug metabolism, and reduce drug toxicity. Carriers are also used in designs to increase the effectiveness of drug delivery to the target sites of pharmacological actions. Liposomes, albumin microspheres, soluble synthetic polymers, DNA complexes, protein-drug conjugates, and carrier erythrocytes among others have been employed as biodegradable drug carriers.
Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.
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