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Worldwide, special attention has been paid to wild mushrooms-induced poisoning. This review article provides a report on the global pattern and characteristics of mushroom poisoning and identifies the magnitude of mortality induced by mushroom poisoning. In this work, reasons underlying mushrooms-induced poisoning, and contamination of edible mushrooms by heavy metals and radionuclides, are provided. Moreover, a perspective of factors affecting the clinical signs of such toxicities (e.g. consumed species, the amount of eaten mushroom, season, geographical location, method of preparation, and individual response to toxins) as well as mushroom toxins and approaches suggested to protect humans against mushroom poisoning, are presented.
This article was published in the following journal.
This study was the first investigation into the main inducers of two lignifications by examining the changes of physicochemical properties and gene expression in king oyster mushrooms, under different...
Many cases of rodenticide poisoning have been reported. Bromadiolone, often called a super-warfarin, is a second-generation dicoumarin rodenticide with long half-life. The main clinical manifestations...
An outbreak of acute poisoning of horses by Enterolobium contortisiliquum pods is reported in the state of Goiás, Brazil. Three horses presented apathy, hyporexia, prostration, jaundice, recumbency a...
Paraquat is an herbicide that is highly toxic to humans. Paraquat ingestion is a common cause of fatal poisoning in many areas of Asia. The aim of the study was to analyze the characteristics of child...
The dearth of information on the economic cost of childhood poisoning in sub-Saharan Africa necessitated this study.
Aluminum phosphide poisoning (ALP) is a global public health problem, and self-poisoning accounts for one-third of the world's suicide rate. In fact, in some parts of developing countries,...
Button batteries are found in all householders and can be responsible for poisoning, in particular in children. Unexpected complications and death in children who have ingested button batt...
Unfortunately, current methods of achieving weight control are disappointing. There is also a great deal of public confusion over what constitutes an appropriate diet for weight control;...
Carbon monoxide poisoning is common. Many adults with CO poisoning have long-term, even permanent brain injury following poisoning. However, very little is known about the long-term outcom...
Ciguatera poisoning, caused by the ingestion of ciguatoxin-containing fish, is a global public health concern. In the US, the vast majority of ciguatera poisonings occur in Florida, follow...
Poisoning from ingestion of mushrooms, primarily from, but not restricted to, toxic varieties.
A progressive form of dementia characterized by the global loss of language abilities and initial preservation of other cognitive functions. Fluent and nonfluent subtypes have been described. Eventually a pattern of global cognitive dysfunction, similar to ALZHEIMER DISEASE, emerges. Pathologically, there are no Alzheimer or PICK DISEASE like changes, however, spongiform changes of cortical layers II and III are present in the TEMPORAL LOBE and FRONTAL LOBE. (From Brain 1998 Jan;121(Pt 1):115-26)
Review of the medical necessity of hospital or other health facility admissions, upon or within a short time following an admission, and periodic review of services provided during the course of treatment.
Mushrooms in the order AGARICALES containing B vitamins, cortinelin, and the polysaccharide LENTINAN.
Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...