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Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine with roles in immunity, tissue regeneration, and metabolism. Rapid production of IL-6 contributes to host defense during infection and tissue injury, but excessive synthesis of IL-6 and dysregulation of IL-6 receptor signaling is involved in disease pathology. Therapeutic agents targeting the IL-6 axis are effective in rheumatoid arthritis, and applications are being extended to other settings of acute and chronic inflammation. Recent studies reveal that selective blockade of different modes of IL-6 receptor signaling has different outcomes on disease pathology, suggesting novel strategies for therapeutic intervention. However, some inflammatory diseases do not seem to respond to IL-6 blockade. Here, we review the current state of IL-6-targeting approaches in the clinic and discuss how to apply the growing understanding of the immunobiology of IL-6 to clinical decisions.
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Interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 4 (IRAK4) is the most upstream kinase in Toll/Interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) signaling. Human and rodent genetics support the role of IRAK4 in immune function an...
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a critical cytokine with a diverse repertoire of physiological functions. Dysregulation of IL-6 signaling is associated with inflammatory disorders as well as cancers. However,...
Mutations in KRAS are often associated with resistance to EGFR-targeting antibody therapy. Using comprehensive systems analyses, GNB5 has been identified as a potential target to overcome therapy resi...
We studied the role of interleukin 11 (IL11) signaling in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis using hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), hepatocytes, and mouse models of non-alcoholic steatohep...
Interleukin-6 (IL-6)-type cytokines share the common receptor glycoprotein 130 (gp130), which activates a signaling cascade involving Janus kinases (JAKs) and signal transducer and activator of trans...
RATIONALE: Biological therapies use different ways to stimulate the immune system and stop cancer cells from growing. Combining interleukin-2 with interleukin-12 may kill more tumor cells....
Clinical studies of CD19 CAR-T cells in the treatment of blood and lymphatic system tumors have achieved unprecedented successes. Because of the heterogeneity of the tumor, patients often ...
This study will develop and pilot test a novel intervention module targeting perceived burdensomeness toward others in 30 clinic referred youths who experience anxiety or depression and el...
RATIONALE: Vaccines may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. Interleukin-12 may kill tumor cells by stopping blood flow to the tumor. Interleukin-2 and interleukin-1...
This is a multicenter, randomized, open label study of high dose interleukin 2 vs high dose interleukin 2 plus entinostat in treatment-naïve clear cell RCC patients who are candidate for ...
Cell surface receptors that are specific for INTERLEUKIN-1. Included under this heading are signaling receptors, non-signaling receptors and accessory proteins required for receptor signaling. Signaling from interleukin-1 receptors occurs via interaction with SIGNAL TRANSDUCING ADAPTOR PROTEINS such as MYELOID DIFFERENTIATION FACTOR 88.
An interleukin-1 receptor subtype that is involved in signaling cellular responses to INTERLEUKIN-1ALPHA and INTERLEUKIN-1BETA. The binding of this receptor to its ligand causes its favorable interaction with INTERLEUKIN-1 RECEPTOR ACCESSORY PROTEIN and the formation of an activated receptor complex.
An interleukin receptor subunit with specificity for INTERLEUKIN-13. It dimerizes with the INTERLEUKIN-4 RECEPTOR ALPHA SUBUNIT to form the TYPE II INTERLEUKIN-4 RECEPTOR which has specificity for both INTERLEUKIN-4 and INTERLEUKIN-13. Signaling of this receptor subunit occurs through the interaction of its cytoplasmic domain with JANUS KINASES such as the TYK2 KINASE.
A receptor for INTERLEUKIN-33 that is related structurally to the interleukin-1 receptor. It contains three extracellular IMMUNOGLOBULIN-LIKE DOMAIN regions and associates with INTERLEUKIN-1 RECEPTOR ACCESSORY PROTEIN upon binding IL-33 to initiate signaling. It may function in the response of HELPER T CELLS to INFLAMMATION.
Cell surface receptors that are specific for INTERLEUKIN-5. They are heterodimeric proteins consisting of the INTERLEUKIN-5 RECEPTOR ALPHA SUBUNIT and the CYTOKINE RECEPTOR COMMON BETA SUBUNIT. Signaling from interleukin-5 receptors can occur through interaction of their cytoplasmic domains with SYNTENINS.
Cytokine Tumour Necrosis Factor (TNF)
TNF is a compound that is classified as a cytokine which plays a central role in the cellular mechanisms of apoptosis or cell death. However, there are a number of different kinds of TNF, just under twenty, but the family of molecules have very similar a...
Allergies Automimmune Disease Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Immunology Vaccine Immunology is the study of immunity and the defence mechanisms of the body. A greater understanding of immunology is needed to develop vaccines, understand ...
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...