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Pulmonary hypertension(PH) is extremely common in acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) patients and predicts increased mortality. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is highly prevalent in CHF patients, may contribute to further elevated pulmonary pressures.
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Pulmonary hypertension is a chronic, incurable disease with poor prognosis. The therapeutic aim is a stabilization of patients showing signs of right heart failure as well as disease progression. A pu...
Positive airway pressure (PAP) devices deliver a pressurized column of air to open the airway in patients with sleep apnea. For patients with moderate to severe sleep apnea, PAP therapy is the gold st...
Pulmonary hypertension has been reported to complicate the course of a number of fibrotic lung diseases, including idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis and nonspecific i...
The ADHERE Registry is a multicenter prospective observational study following outcomes of upper airway stimulation (UAS) therapy in patients who have failed continuous positive airway pressure therap...
Pulmonary hypertension is a term used to describe a complex multifactorial group of conditions diagnosed by an elevated mean pulmonary artery pressure of 20 mm Hg or higher on right heart catheterizat...
Laboratory studies suggest extubation with positive pressure because it reduces the volume of secretions filtered into the distal airway. The aim of this non inferiority study is to evalua...
Exercise-induced increase of the pulmonary arterial pressure may be an early sign of pulmonary arterial hypertension. It has been shown that patients with normal pulmonary arterial pressur...
The aim of the present study was to demonstrate that an Non-Invasive Ventilation (NIV) performs better than a Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) in the management of Cardiogenic Pu...
Supine hypertension is a common problem that affects at least 50% of patients with primary autonomic failure. Supine hypertension can be severe and complicates the treatment of orthostatic...
The investigators would like to investigate the effects of treating sleep apnea with a positive airway pressure device, either continuous (titrated) versus auto titrated on the control of ...
A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)
Non-therapeutic positive end-expiratory pressure occurring frequently in patients with severe airway obstruction. It can appear with or without the administration of external positive end-expiratory pressure (POSITIVE-PRESSURE RESPIRATION). It presents an important load on the inspiratory muscles which are operating at a mechanical disadvantage due to hyperinflation. Auto-PEEP may cause profound hypotension that should be treated by intravascular volume expansion, increasing the time for expiration, and/or changing from assist mode to intermittent mandatory ventilation mode. (From Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1127)
Application of positive pressure to the inspiratory phase when the patient has an artificial airway in place and is connected to a ventilator.
A type of oropharyngeal airway that provides an alternative to endotracheal intubation and standard mask anesthesia in certain patients. It is introduced into the hypopharynx to form a seal around the larynx thus permitting spontaneous or positive pressure ventilation without penetration of the larynx or esophagus. It is used in place of a facemask in routine anesthesia. The advantages over standard mask anesthesia are better airway control, minimal anesthetic gas leakage, a secure airway during patient transport to the recovery area, and minimal postoperative problems.
The blood pressure as recorded after wedging a CATHETER in a small PULMONARY ARTERY; believed to reflect the PRESSURE in the pulmonary CAPILLARIES.
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a chronic, life-threatening disorder characterized by abnormally high blood pressure in the arteries between the heart and lungs of affected individuals. Symptoms can range from mild breathles...
Sleep disorders disrupt sleep during the night, or cause sleepiness during the day, caused by physiological or psychological factors. The common ones include snoring and sleep apnea, insomnia, parasomnias, sleep paralysis, restless legs syndrome, circa...