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Cholestatic pruritus: Emerging mechanisms and therapeutics.

08:00 EDT 19th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Cholestatic pruritus: Emerging mechanisms and therapeutics."

Patients suffering from cholestasis often report experiencing a debilitating, unrelenting itch. In contrast to conditions like urticaria in which histamine primarily drives itch (pruritus), cholestatic pruritus is multifactorial and more difficult to treat. Existing therapies are not always effective and exhibit undesirable side effect profiles. Here, we conducted a systematic literature review to evaluate conventional treatment strategy, current pathophysiologic understanding and the role of novel therapies in the context of cholestatic pruritus. We discuss novel findings implicating bile acids, lysophosphatidic acid, and bilirubin as potential important mediators of cholestatic itch. New therapies that aim to remove or modulate pruritogens have been supported in observational cohort studies and randomized controlled trials. While these new therapies show promise, further research is needed to confirm the pathophysiology of cholestatic pruritus, so that targeted therapy can be developed.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
ISSN: 1097-6787
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