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We developed an algorithm for identifying U.S. veterans with a history of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), using the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) electronic medical record (EMR) system. This work was motivated by the need to create a valid EMR-based phenotype to identify thousands of cases and controls for a genome-wide association study of PTSD in veterans. We used manual chart review (n = 500) as the gold standard. For both the algorithm and chart review, three classifications were possible: likely PTSD, possible PTSD, and likely not PTSD. We used Lasso regression with cross-validation to select statistically significant predictors of PTSD from the EMR and then generate a predicted probability score of being a PTSD case for every participant in the study population (range: 0-1.00). Comparing the performance of our probabilistic approach (Lasso algorithm) to a rule-based approach (International Classification of Diseases [ICD] algorithm), the Lasso algorithm showed modestly higher overall percent agreement with chart review than the ICD algorithm (80% vs. 75%), higher sensitivity (0.95 vs. 0.84), and higher accuracy (AUC = 0.95 vs. 0.90). We applied a 0.7 probability cut-point to the Lasso results to determine final PTSD case-control status for the VA population. The final algorithm had a 0.99 sensitivity, 0.99 specificity, 0.95 positive predictive value, and 1.00 negative predictive value for PTSD classification (grouping possible PTSD and likely not PTSD) as determined by chart review. This algorithm may be useful for other research and quality improvement endeavors within the VA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of traumatic stress
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Individuals professionally qualified in the management of patients' records. Duties may include planning, designing, and managing systems for patient administrative and clinical data, as well as patient medical records. The concept includes medical record technicians.
Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.
Analysis based on the mathematical function first formulated by Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Fourier in 1807. The function, known as the Fourier transform, describes the sinusoidal pattern of any fluctuating pattern in the physical world in terms of its amplitude and its phase. It has broad applications in biomedicine, e.g., analysis of the x-ray crystallography data pivotal in identifying the double helical nature of DNA and in analysis of other molecules, including viruses, and the modified back-projection algorithm universally used in computerized tomography imaging, etc. (From Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
The use of electronic equipment to observe or record physiologic processes while the patient undergoes normal daily activities.
The creation and maintenance of medical and vital records in multiple institutions in a manner that will facilitate the combined use of the records of identified individuals.
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