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Cutaneous-type adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma is treated with antiviral or skin-directed therapy. Medications that are used to treat skin lesions of cutaneous T-cell lymphomas are also used for the cutaneous-type adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma. Etretinate, a synthetic retinoid, has been used for treating cutaneous T-cell lymphomas; however, its clinical effectiveness for the treatment of cutaneous-type adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma has not been fully studied. We conducted a retrospective assessment of the efficacy and safety of etretinate in 9 patients with cutaneous-type adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma. Complete and partial responses to etretinate were observed in 1 and 7 patients, respectively. Among the responders, remission was maintained for more than 6 years in 2 patients. These results suggest that etretinate is a promising treatment option for cutaneous-type adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Acta dermato-venereologica
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A genus in the family RETROVIRIDAE consisting of exogenous horizontally-transmitted viruses found in a few groups of mammals. Infections caused by these viruses include human B- or adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (LEUKEMIA-LYMPHOMA, T-CELL, ACUTE, HTLV-I-ASSOCIATED), and bovine leukemia (ENZOOTIC BOVINE LEUKOSIS). The type species is LEUKEMIA VIRUS, BOVINE.
A condition in which there is a change of one adult cell type to another similar adult cell type.
Aggressive T-Cell malignancy with adult onset, caused by HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1. It is endemic in Japan, the Caribbean basin, Southeastern United States, Hawaii, and parts of Central and South America and sub-Saharan Africa.
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A strain of Murine leukemia virus (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE) producing leukemia of the reticulum-cell type with massive infiltration of liver, spleen, and bone marrow. It infects DBA/2 and Swiss mice.