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Foot orthoses are increasingly used by runners despite the controversy about whether its use can reduce the risk of overuse injuries. Some authors have found modifications in plantar pressures with the use of foot orthoses, which could produce changes in surface skin temperature of the foot soles. The aim of the study was to analyse the effects of custom-made and prefabricated foot orthoses on skin temperature of different regions of both foot soles after running. Twenty-four participants carried out a maximal aerobic speed test as a pre-test, and three running tests at the laboratory wearing different foot orthoses conditions (control, prefabricated and custom-made) previously randomized. Skin temperature of four regions of interest of the foot soles was assessed before, immediately after and ten minutes after running. The use of prefabricated and custom-made foot orthoses did not produce changes on skin temperature of the foot soles neither in absolute temperatures (p>0.05), nor in temperature variations: between immediately after and before running (p>0.05), and between ten minutes after and immediately after running (p>0.05). Otherwise, there were found higher values with no insoles than with prefabricated foot orthoses, 10 min after running in relation to before running, in forefoot [Average (standard deviation): 5.6 (2.4) vs 3.7 (2.7)°C; p=0.02; Effect Size (ESd) = 0.72], midfoot [3.7 (1.5) vs 2.7 (1.5)°C; p=0.03; ESd = 0.65] and rearfoot [4.18 (2.05) vs 2.9 (1.82)°C; p=0.02; ESd = 0.64)]. In conclusion, the use of foot orthoses, in general, do not affect the surface skin temperature of the foot soles after an intense run.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Physiological measurement
To examine the effects of bilateral custom-made ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) to prevent falls for older adults with concern about or at risk for falling over 12-month daily use.
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Devices used to support or align the foot structure, or to prevent or correct foot deformities.
A ready-made or custom-made prosthesis of glass or plastic shaped and colored to resemble the anterior portion of a normal eye and used for cosmetic reasons. It is attached to the anterior portion of an orbital implant (ORBITAL IMPLANTS) which is placed in the socket of an enucleated or eviscerated eye. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Footwear made of a flat sole shaped to the contour of the foot, connected to an upper portion which may or may not completely cover or wrap around the foot.
Skin diseases of the foot, general or unspecified.
The TEMPERATURE at the outer surface of the body.
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