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Cyclic AMP (cAMP) is an important second messenger that mediates various biological functions in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Due to the ever increasing significance in studying the function and modulation of cAMP-based signaling, it is important to develop a protein-based biosensor that reports the cAMP mediated gene expression. Based on a synthetic transgene approach, an artificial mammalian transactivator was developed by fusing a transcriptional regulatory element cAMP receptor protein (CRP) of Escherichia coli to the VP16 transactivation domain of Herpes simplex virus in a mammalian expression vector (pLA1) that activates CRP specific operator site present in a chimeric promoter (O- PhCMV- Luciferase) in a concentration dependent manner in mammalian cells. Our results reveal that the engineered transactivator report the gene expression mediated by cAMP directly in mammalian cells and this cAMP reporter system works irrespective of Protein kinase A (PKA) - cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB) - cyclic AMP response element (CRE) signaling since the luciferase activity mediated by synthetic gene construct is seen even in the presence of PKA inhibitor H-89 (derived from H-8 (N-[2-(methylamino) ethyl]-5-isoquinoline-sulfonamide). Furthermore this synthetic transcription factor plays a significant role in reporting and mediating cAMP signaling in tumorigenic cells which possess an aberrant cAMP signaling due to PKA and CREB mutations.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: European journal of pharmacology
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Techniques used to add in exogenous gene sequence such as mutated genes; REPORTER GENES, to study mechanisms of gene expression; or regulatory control sequences, to study effects of temporal changes to GENE EXPRESSION.
The introduction of functional (usually cloned) GENES into cells. A variety of techniques and naturally occurring processes are used for the gene transfer such as cell hybridization, LIPOSOMES or microcell-mediated gene transfer, ELECTROPORATION, chromosome-mediated gene transfer, TRANSFECTION, and GENETIC TRANSDUCTION. Gene transfer may result in genetically transformed cells and individual organisms.
The expression of a gene in an abnormal place, or at an abnormal time in an organism. Ectopic Gene Expression is often induced artificially by genetic techniques.
A form of gene interaction whereby the expression of one gene interferes with or masks the expression of a different gene or genes. Genes whose expression interferes with or masks the effects of other genes are said to be epistatic to the effected genes. Genes whose expression is affected (blocked or masked) are hypostatic to the interfering genes.
A transcriptional regulator in prokaryotes which, when activated by binding cyclic AMP, acts at several promoters. Cyclic AMP receptor protein was originally identified as a catabolite gene activator protein. It was subsequently shown to regulate several functions unrelated to catabolism, and to be both a negative and a positive regulator of transcription. Cell surface cyclic AMP receptors are not included (CYCLIC AMP RECEPTORS), nor are the eukaryotic cytoplasmic cyclic AMP receptor proteins, which are the regulatory subunits of CYCLIC AMP-DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASES.
The process of gene expression is used by eukaryotes, prokaryotes, and viruses to generate the macromolecular machinery for life. Steps in the gene expression process may be modulated, including the transcription, RNA splicing, translation, and post-tran...
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