Host Genetics, Diet, and Microbiome: The Role of AMY1.

08:00 EDT 2nd May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Host Genetics, Diet, and Microbiome: The Role of AMY1."

Host gene variants selected by diet adaptation have been associated with the microbiome. Poole et al. (Cell Host Microbe 2019;25;553-564.E7) reported that AMY1 copy number, associated with obesity, also impacts microbiome composition and function. Complex genetics-diet-microbiome interactions and their effect on obesity could eventually translate into personalized nutrition.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Trends in microbiology
ISSN: 1878-4380


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [16148 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Hematopoietic Npc1 mutation shifts gut microbiota composition in Ldlr mice on a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet.

While the link between diet-induced changes in gut microbiota and lipid metabolism in metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been established, the contribution of host genetics is rather unexplored. As several...

Host genetics and geography influence microbiome composition in the sponge Ircinia campana.

1.Marine sponges are host to large, diverse communities of microorganisms. These microbiomes are distinct among sponge species and from seawater bacterial communities, indicating a key role of host id...

The Microbiome and Aging.

Aging is a natural process of organismal decay that underpins the development of myriad diseases and disorders. Extensive efforts have been made to understand the biology of aging and its regulation, ...

Diet-microbiota interactions and personalized nutrition.

Conceptual scientific and medical advances have led to a recent realization that there may be no single, one-size-fits-all diet and that differential human responses to dietary inputs may rather be dr...

Therapeutic Opportunities in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Mechanistic Dissection of Host-Microbiome Relationships.

The current understanding of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) pathogenesis implicates a complex interaction between host genetics, host immunity, microbiome, and environmental exposures. Mechanisms gl...

Clinical Trials [6860 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Pipeline Integrating Gut Metagenome Data, Host Immunogenetic Characteristics and Clinical Gut Inflammatory Biomarkers

The combined analysis of microbiome, immunological parameters and host genetics in patients has potential for applying personalized approaches of prevention, diagnostics or therapy in the ...

Food and Microbiome Longitudinal Investigation (FAMiLI)

The NYU Human Microbiome Study Cohort is designed to improve understanding of the role of human microbiome in health and disease. This study will serve as a critical NYU biorepository reso...

Investigation of the Role of the Microbiome in the Pathogenesis of Colorectal Adenoma and Carcinoma

The purpose of this study is the investigation of new host-microbiome interactions promoting adenoma formation and adenocarcinoma progression. For that purpose, the investigators will coll...

Maternal Gut Microbiome (MGM) Study of Diet, the Gut Microbiome and Preterm Birth

The purpose of this study is to determine whether diet and the gut microbiome play a role in spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB), namely delivery of the fetus prior to 37 weeks gestation.

The Skin Microbiome in Graft Versus Host Disease

Based on the evidence on the impact of the intestinal microbiome on the Graft Versus Host Disease (GVHD) after allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (allo-HSCT), it is hypothe...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A diet that contains limited amounts of CARBOHYDRATES. This is in distinction to a regular DIET.

Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal. This does not include DIET THERAPY, a specific diet prescribed in the treatment of a disease.

A diet that contains limited amounts of fat with less than 30% of calories from all fats and less than 10% from saturated fat. Such a diet is used in control of HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. (From Bondy et al, Metabolic Control and Disease, 8th ed, pp468-70; Dorland, 27th ed)

A diet which is devoid of GLUTENS from WHEAT; BARLEY; RYE; and other wheat-related varieties. The diet is designed to reduce exposure to those proteins in gluten that trigger INFLAMMATION of the small intestinal mucosa in patients with CELIAC DISEASE.

Retrovirally encoded accessary proteins that play an essential role VIRUS REPLICATION. They are found in the cytoplasm of host cells and associate with a variety of host cell proteins. Vif stands for "virion infectivity factor".

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...

Obesity is the condition in which excess fat has accumulated in the body (mostly in subcutaneous tissues). clinical obesity is considered to be present when a person has a BMI of over 30 (Oxford Dictionary of Medicine). It is becoming increasing common i...

Searches Linking to this Article