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Host Genetics, Diet, and Microbiome: The Role of AMY1.

08:00 EDT 2nd May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Host Genetics, Diet, and Microbiome: The Role of AMY1."

Host gene variants selected by diet adaptation have been associated with the microbiome. Poole et al. (Cell Host Microbe 2019;25;553-564.E7) reported that AMY1 copy number, associated with obesity, also impacts microbiome composition and function. Complex genetics-diet-microbiome interactions and their effect on obesity could eventually translate into personalized nutrition.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Trends in microbiology
ISSN: 1878-4380
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A diet that contains limited amounts of CARBOHYDRATES. This is in distinction to a regular DIET.

Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal. This does not include DIET THERAPY, a specific diet prescribed in the treatment of a disease.

A diet that contains limited amounts of fat with less than 30% of calories from all fats and less than 10% from saturated fat. Such a diet is used in control of HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. (From Bondy et al, Metabolic Control and Disease, 8th ed, pp468-70; Dorland, 27th ed)

A diet which is devoid of GLUTENS from WHEAT; BARLEY; RYE; and other wheat-related varieties. The diet is designed to reduce exposure to those proteins in gluten that trigger INFLAMMATION of the small intestinal mucosa in patients with CELIAC DISEASE.

Retrovirally encoded accessary proteins that play an essential role VIRUS REPLICATION. They are found in the cytoplasm of host cells and associate with a variety of host cell proteins. Vif stands for "virion infectivity factor".

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