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Fentanyl and analogues such as butyrylfentanyl, carfentanil, 4-fluorobutyrylfentanyl, and furanylfentanyl may be either added to, or sold as, heroin. Fentanyl and carfentanil have approximately 100 and 10,000 times the potency of morphine, respectively, and there is thus a high risk of death with the use of these drugs.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Forensic science international
The abuse of fentanyl and its analogues, which are potent, short-acting, synthetic narcotic analgesics, has become a major issue. Many cases containing fentanyl-analogue and novel synthetic opioids ha...
The current opioid epidemic remains an ongoing challenge, exacerbated by the extreme potency of synthetic opioids (e.g., fentanyl and fentanyl analogues), leading to an increase in adulterated heroin-...
US opioid overdose deaths continue to climb, with a 12.0% increase from 2016 to 2017. Fentanyl, a synthetic opioid, has been a major contributor to opioid-related overdose deaths. While fentanyl-relat...
Fentanyl transdermal patches have been used to treat cancer- and noncancer-related chronic pain. However, its inappropriate or illegal application may cause fatal poisoning. We herein present the case...
Fentanyl overdose deaths have reached 'epidemic' levels in North America. Death in opioid overdose invariably results from respiratory depression. In the present work we have characterized how fentany...
The Phase I clinical trial in approximately 50 healthy volunteers will be conducted at a single clinical center in two stages. Stage 1 is an open-label, cross-over comparison of a single d...
There is actually no physiologic or clinical data in the literature to clearly define the potential benefits and side effects of sublingual fentanyl in patients with COPD. Therefore, the p...
Fentanyl is the most commonly used opioid during anesthesia at Massachusetts General Hospital. Compared to other opioids, e.g. sulfentanil and remifentanil, fentanyl's pharmacokinetic prop...
The purpose of the study is to compare the pharmacokinetics of fentanyl following i.v. and oral administration in healthy volunteers, and to assess the bioavailability of fentanyl followin...
The purpose of this observational study is to investigate the impact of fentanyl matrix on improvement of pain and functioning in spinal disorder-related chronic pain.
A potent narcotic analgesic, abuse of which leads to habituation or addiction. It is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. Fentanyl is also used as an adjunct to general anesthetics, and as an anesthetic for induction and maintenance. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1078)
A butyrophenone with general properties similar to those of HALOPERIDOL. It is used in conjunction with an opioid analgesic such as FENTANYL to maintain the patient in a calm state of neuroleptanalgesia with indifference to surroundings but still able to cooperate with the surgeon. It is also used as a premedicant, as an antiemetic, and for the control of agitation in acute psychoses. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 29th ed, p593)
A short-acting opioid anesthetic and analgesic derivative of FENTANYL. It produces an early peak analgesic effect and fast recovery of consciousness. Alfentanil is effective as an anesthetic during surgery, for supplementation of analgesia during surgical procedures, and as an analgesic for critically ill patients.
The process of protecting various samples of biological material.
The removal of a soluble component from a liquid mixture by contact with a second liquid, immiscible with the carrier liquid, in which the component is preferentially soluble. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...