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Sporotrichosis is a subcutaneous mycosis with global distribution, and patients generally receive outpatient treatment. Since 1998 there has been an increase in cases in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, mainly via zoonotic transmission involving cats. Patients coinfected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) often require hospitalization and evolve to death. This study analyzes and describes data from 1992 to 2015 obtained from the database of the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS). There were 782 hospitalizations and 65 deaths in Brazil. Six percent of the hospitalizations and 40% of the deaths involved coinfection with HIV. There were 250 hospitalizations and 36 deaths in Rio de Janeiro, with a progressive increase over the course of the period. The states of São Paulo and Goiás also showed high numbers. Men, non-whites, and individuals with low schooling evolved more frequently to death. In conclusion, sporotrichosis is associated with hospitalizations and deaths throughout Brazil, especially in the state of Rio de Janeiro.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Cadernos de saude publica
Since 1998, there has been an increase in the number of cat-transmitted cases of human sporotrichosis in Rio de Janeiro state, and severe forms are observed especially when associated with human immun...
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Sporotrichosis is an emergent subcutaneous mycosis of humans and some animals caused by dimorphic fungi of the genus Sporothrix. The disease occurs worldwide but is endemic or hyperendemic in tropical...
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OBJECTIVE: I. Evaluate the efficacy of fluconazole in patients with lymphocutaneous or visceral sporotrichosis.
OBJECTIVES: I. Identify a preferred oral fluconazole dose regimen for patients with non-acute histoplasmosis or blastomycosis, or ulcerocutaneous or deep sporotrichosis. II. Study the s...
OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the tolerance of patients with blastomycosis, histoplasmosis, and sporotrichosis to different doses of itraconazole (R51,211). II. Determine levels of itraconazo...
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Seasonal influenza is responsible for many hospitalizations and deaths each year, despite effective antiviral treatments. Some individuals have medical conditions such as heart or lung dis...
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
The commonest and least serious of the deep mycoses, characterized by nodular lesions of the cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues. It is caused by inhalation of contaminated dust or by infection of a wound.
All deaths reported in a given population.
A country in central South America, located southwest of Brazil.
Deaths occurring from the 28th week of GESTATION to the 7th day after birth.
AIDS and HIV
AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are ...
Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the causative agent of AIDS. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, more commonly known as HIV, is a member of the lentivirus sub-set of the retrovirus family of pathogens. It causes AIDS, or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Sy...