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Odd chain fatty acids serve as anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory, and antifungal agents, and are useful for the production of biodiesel. Rhodococcus sp. YHY01 utilizes a wide range of carbon sources and accumulate lipids i.e. fructose (37% w/w dcw) glucose (56% w/w dcw), glycerol (50% w/w dcw), acetate (42% w/w dcw), butyrate (65% w/w dcw), lactate (56% w/w dcw), and propionate (62% w/w dcw). In this study, propionate was proved as the best carbon source and produced 69% odd chain fatty acids of total fatty acids, followed by glycerol (13% odd chain fatty acids of total fatty acids). A synthetic medium optimized with response surface design containing glycerol, propionate, and ammonium chloride (0.32%:0.76%:0.040% w/v) facilitated the production of total fatty acids 69% w/w of dcw, and odd chain fatty acids comprised 85% w/w of total fatty acids. Major odd chain fatty acids were in the order C17:0 > C15:0 > Cis-10-C17:1 > 10Me-C17:0 > C19:0 > Cis-10-C19:1.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Bioresource technology
De novo biosynthesis of fatty acids undergoes an iterative process with strict regulation of the length of the produced fatty acids. In this review, we focus on the factors determining the chain lengt...
Microbes can produce not only commodity fatty acids, such as palmitic acid (16:0) and stearic acid (18:0), but also high-value fatty acids (essential fatty acids). Most high value fatty acids belong t...
The bioprocessing of amino acids to branched-chain fatty acids and alcohols is described using Thermoanaerobacter strain AK85. The amino acid utilization profile was evaluated without an electron scav...
Traditional herbal medicine has been taken as a new and effective approach to treat many chronic diseases. Xiexin Tang (XXT), a compound recipe composed of Dahuang (Rheum palmatum L.), Huangqin (Scute...
This study reported an efficient approach, i.e., alkaline followed by potassium ferrate (PF) pretreatment, to enhance short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) production from waste activated sludge anaerobic f...
Postprandial Lipid Metabolism in Patients With Hypertriglyceridemia and Normo-lipidemic Controls: Medium Chain Fatty Acids (MCT) in Comparison to Long-chain, Saturated Fatty Acids (SFA) and Mono-unsaturated Fatty Acids (MUFA)
Postprandial lipid metabolism will be evaluated in patients with hypertriglyceridemia and normo-lipidemic controls; different fats will be used (saturated fatty acids, mon-unsaturated fatt...
The purpose of this study is to find out the relationship between the bile acids, fatty acids (fatty acids are part of the diet) and bacteria that are present in the intestines.
The purpose of this study is to continue work on the role of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA)on neurological development in infants supplemented with formula with this type ...
During this project the investigators will evaluate whether the effects of arabinoxylan oligosaccharides (AXOS) consumption on insulin resistance in participants with metabolic syndrome ca...
To study the absolute concentrations and percent of fatty acids in 480 plasma samples from an age and sex stratified random sample of subjects in the Framingham Offspring Study in order to...
A long-chain fatty acid ester of carnitine which facilitates the transfer of long-chain fatty acids from cytoplasm into mitochondria during the oxidation of fatty acids.
UNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS that contain at least one double bond in the trans configuration, which results in a greater bond angle than the cis configuration. This results in a more extended fatty acid chain similar to SATURATED FATTY ACIDS, with closer packing and reduced fluidity. HYDROGENATION of unsaturated fatty acids increases the trans content.
Short-chain fatty acids of up to six carbon atoms in length. They are the major end products of microbial fermentation in the ruminant digestive tract and have also been implicated in the causation of neurological diseases in humans.
An enzyme localized predominantly within the plasma membrane of lymphocytes. It catalyzes the transfer of long-chain fatty acids, preferentially unsaturated fatty acids, to lysophosphatides with the formation of 1,2-diacylglycero-3-phosphocholine and CoA. EC 126.96.36.199.
An enzyme that catalyzes the first and rate-determining steps of peroxisomal beta-oxidation of fatty acids. It acts on COENZYME A derivatives of fatty acids with chain lengths from 8 to 18, using FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE as a cofactor.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...