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Serum IgG antibodies to Shigella lipopolysaccharide antigens - a correlate of protection against shigellosis.

08:00 EDT 9th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Serum IgG antibodies to Shigella lipopolysaccharide antigens - a correlate of protection against shigellosis."

Shigella is a leading cause of diarrhea among children globally and of diarrheal deaths among children under 5 years of age in low- and middle-income countries. To date, no licensed Shigella vaccine exists. We review evidence that serum IgG antibodies to Shigella LPS represent a good correlate of protection against shigellosis; this could support the process of development and evaluation of Shigella vaccine candidates. Case-control and cohort studies conducted among Israeli soldiers serving under field conditions showed significant serotype-specific inverse associations between pre-exposure serum IgG antibodies to Shigella LPS and shigellosis incidence. The same serum IgG fraction showed a dose-response relationship with the protective efficacy attained by vaccine candidates tested in phase III trials of young adults and children aged 1-4 years and in Controlled Human Infection Model studies and exhibited mechanistic protective capabilities. Identifying a threshold level of these antibodies associated with protection can promote the development of an efficacious vaccine for infants and young children.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Human vaccines & immunotherapeutics
ISSN: 2164-554X
Pages: 1-8

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The lipopolysaccharide-protein somatic antigens, usually from gram-negative bacteria, important in the serological classification of enteric bacilli. The O-specific chains determine the specificity of the O antigens of a given serotype. O antigens are the immunodominant part of the lipopolysaccharide molecule in the intact bacterial cell. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)

Sensitive assay using radiolabeled ANTIGENS to detect specific ANTIBODIES in SERUM. The antigens are allowed to react with the serum and then precipitated using a special reagent such as PROTEIN A sepharose beads. The bound radiolabeled immunoprecipitate is then commonly analyzed by gel electrophoresis. Radioimmunoprecipitation assay (RIPA) is often used as a confirmatory test for diagnosing the presence of HIV ANTIBODIES.

Serum containing GAMMA-GLOBULINS which are antibodies for lymphocyte ANTIGENS. It is used both as a test for HISTOCOMPATIBILITY and therapeutically in TRANSPLANTATION.

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Antibodies elicited in a different species from which the antigen originated. These antibodies are directed against a wide variety of interspecies-specific antigens, the best known of which are Forssman, Hanganutziu-Deicher (H-D), and Paul-Bunnell (P-B). Incidence of antibodies to these antigens--i.e., the phenomenon of heterophile antibody response--is useful in the serodiagnosis, pathogenesis, and prognosis of infection and latent infectious states as well as in cancer classification.

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