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Shigella is a leading cause of diarrhea among children globally and of diarrheal deaths among children under 5 years of age in low- and middle-income countries. To date, no licensed Shigella vaccine exists. We review evidence that serum IgG antibodies to Shigella LPS represent a good correlate of protection against shigellosis; this could support the process of development and evaluation of Shigella vaccine candidates. Case-control and cohort studies conducted among Israeli soldiers serving under field conditions showed significant serotype-specific inverse associations between pre-exposure serum IgG antibodies to Shigella LPS and shigellosis incidence. The same serum IgG fraction showed a dose-response relationship with the protective efficacy attained by vaccine candidates tested in phase III trials of young adults and children aged 1-4 years and in Controlled Human Infection Model studies and exhibited mechanistic protective capabilities. Identifying a threshold level of these antibodies associated with protection can promote the development of an efficacious vaccine for infants and young children.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Human vaccines & immunotherapeutics
Studies that correlate maternal antibodies with protection from influenza A or B virus infection in young infants in areas with prolonged influenza circulation are lacking.
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The purpose of this study is to determine whether SF2a-TT15 (a monovalent synthetic carbohydrate-based conjugate Shigella vaccine) is safe and effective in the prevention of Shigella infec...
The purpose of this study is to select a safe and immunogenic dose of Invaplex 50 intranasal vaccine, and to assess protection of Invaplex 50 intranasal vaccine against diarrhea, dysentery...
The purpose of this project is to systematically collect clinical and nutritional outcomes information on patients treated for Shigella infection so that physicians and clinical laboratori...
Shigellosis remains a serious and frequent disease throughout the world. Development of vaccines has been difficult because shigellae are habitants of and pathogens for humans only and th...
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The lipopolysaccharide-protein somatic antigens, usually from gram-negative bacteria, important in the serological classification of enteric bacilli. The O-specific chains determine the specificity of the O antigens of a given serotype. O antigens are the immunodominant part of the lipopolysaccharide molecule in the intact bacterial cell. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
Sensitive assay using radiolabeled ANTIGENS to detect specific ANTIBODIES in SERUM. The antigens are allowed to react with the serum and then precipitated using a special reagent such as PROTEIN A sepharose beads. The bound radiolabeled immunoprecipitate is then commonly analyzed by gel electrophoresis. Radioimmunoprecipitation assay (RIPA) is often used as a confirmatory test for diagnosing the presence of HIV ANTIBODIES.
Serum containing GAMMA-GLOBULINS which are antibodies for lymphocyte ANTIGENS. It is used both as a test for HISTOCOMPATIBILITY and therapeutically in TRANSPLANTATION.
DYSENTERY caused by gram-negative rod-shaped enteric bacteria (ENTEROBACTERIACEAE), most often by the genus SHIGELLA. Shigella dysentery, Shigellosis, is classified into subgroups according to syndrome severity and the infectious species. Group A: SHIGELLA DYSENTERIAE (severest); Group B: SHIGELLA FLEXNERI; Group C: SHIGELLA BOYDII; and Group D: SHIGELLA SONNEI (mildest).
Antibodies elicited in a different species from which the antigen originated. These antibodies are directed against a wide variety of interspecies-specific antigens, the best known of which are Forssman, Hanganutziu-Deicher (H-D), and Paul-Bunnell (P-B). Incidence of antibodies to these antigens--i.e., the phenomenon of heterophile antibody response--is useful in the serodiagnosis, pathogenesis, and prognosis of infection and latent infectious states as well as in cancer classification.
An antibody is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances, called antigens. Examples of antigens include microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses) and chemicals. Antibodies may be produc...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
A vaccine is any preparation intended to produce immunity to a disease by stimulating the production of antibodies. It creates immunity but does not cause the disease. There are several differnt types of vaccine avalable; Killed microorganisms; which s...