Risk assessment of plastic pollution on marine diversity in the Mediterranean Sea.

08:00 EDT 25th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Risk assessment of plastic pollution on marine diversity in the Mediterranean Sea."

Plastic marine pollution is an increasing threat to global marine diversity. Quantifying this threat is particularly difficult and complex, especially when evaluating multiple species with different ecological requirements. Here, we examine the semi-enclosed basin of the Mediterranean Sea where the inputs of plastic pollution and its impact on marine diversity are still widely unknown. Eighty-four species from six taxonomic classes were evaluated to assess the risk of ingesting plastic marine debris, integrating inter-specific factors such as plastic exposure rates and life history traits (e.g., motility, habitat, and body size). Species were modelled within a spatial context to identify and estimate their exposure to plastic ingestion across the Mediterranean Sea using literature data, species distribution maps and plastic dispersion models. Our approach identified hotspots for the risk of plastic ingestion across multiple taxa in the Mediterranean Sea, highlighting that coastal species are at higher risk of ingesting plastic in the marine environment than open-sea species. The plastic exposure analysis indicated that species with larger home ranges were more at risk of exposure with increased distances while local species were more likely to be exposed to plastic closer to the centre of their home range location. The approach used in this study can be applied to support management and mitigation efforts throughout the Mediterranean Sea and in other geographic regions to minimize the impact of plastic pollution on marine diversity.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The Science of the total environment
ISSN: 1879-1026
Pages: 188-196


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [24492 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

The impact of improper solid waste management to plastic pollution in Indonesian coast and marine environment.

Plastic pollution has become a major concern in Indonesian coast and marine environment today. It occurs because 14% of the solid waste (SW) components in this country is plastic, and the SW managemen...

Microplastics detected in haemolymph of the Sydney rock oyster Saccostrea glomerata.

Plastic waste is ubiquitous in marine environments. Despite the sheer volume of plastic waste, it remains relatively unknown how marine invertebrates will interact with microplastics (plastic

Quantitative oil spill risk from offshore fields in the Bohai Sea, China.

The oil spill risk in the environments surrounding the Bohai Sea is aggravated by increasing marine petroleum exploitation. There is a growing need to assess the risk of oil pollution in sensitive mar...

Plasticrusts: A new potential threat in the Anthropocene's rocky shores.

Plastic debris is one of the most extensive pollution problems our planet is facing today and a particular concern for marine environment conservation. The dimension of the problem is so large that it...

Bacterial Candidates for Colonization and Degradation of Marine Plastic Debris.

With the rising plastic pollution in the oceans, research on the plastisphere-the microorganisms interacting with marine plastic debris-has emerged. Microbial communities colonizing plastic have been ...

Clinical Trials [7674 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Mediterranean Diet and the Gut Microbiome

This study will evaluate the impact of a Mediterranean-style diet on microbiome diversity compared to a typical American diet. The study will observe the microbiome composition comparisons...

Effect of Plant Stanol Ester-Containing Spread on Estimated Cardiovascular Risk in Comparison to Mediterranean Diet

Since it is very difficult to have the real thing (Mediterranean diet) we need to find an alternative to reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in subjects with moderate hypercholesterol...

Behavioral Research of Environment and Air Pollution Through Education

The BREATHE (Behavioral Research of Environment and Air Pollution Through Education) study is a pilot randomized control trial comparing the efficacy of a classroom-based intervention to n...

Mediterranean-type Diet for Older Adults With Obstructive Sleep Apnea

The majority of the elderly present with sleep apnea and mortality is significantly higher in this group. Sleep apnea runs the risk of developing diseases, especially hypertension and card...

Marine Protein Hydrolysate as Dietary Supplement in Elderly Part I

The aim of this study is to investigate the potential effect of a marine protein hydrolysate (MPH) supplement before a meal on postprandial glucose tolerance in healthy subjects, to achiev...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.

The phenomenon of immense variability characteristic of ANTIBODIES. It enables the IMMUNE SYSTEM to react specifically against the essentially unlimited kinds of ANTIGENS it encounters. Antibody diversity is accounted for by three main theories: (1) the Germ Line Theory, which holds that each antibody-producing cell has genes coding for all possible antibody specificities, but expresses only the one stimulated by antigen; (2) the Somatic Mutation Theory, which holds that antibody-producing cells contain only a few genes, which produce antibody diversity by mutation; and (3) the Gene Rearrangement Theory, which holds that antibody diversity is generated by the rearrangement of IMMUNOGLOBULIN VARIABLE REGION gene segments during the differentiation of the ANTIBODY-PRODUCING CELLS.

The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)

Prospective risk assessment tool aimed at identifying potential risks and their impact in healthcare settings.

Multidisciplinary field focusing on prevention of infectious diseases and patient safety during international TRAVEL. Key element of the pretravel physician's visit is a health risk assessment.

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article