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PTEN and ERG detection in multiparametric MRI/US fusion targeted prostate biopsy compared to systematic biopsy.

08:00 EDT 7th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "PTEN and ERG detection in multiparametric MRI/US fusion targeted prostate biopsy compared to systematic biopsy."

Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MR)/ultrasound fusion targeted prostate biopsy has been shown to outperform systematic biopsy in the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer. Aside from tumor grade, tumor biomarkers such as phosphatase and tensin homolog(PTEN) and ETS-related gene (ERG) have prognostic significance in prostate cancer and may help direct management of patients with low grade tumors. Our objective was to compare the detection of PTEN and ERG expression in MR-targeted versus systematic prostate biopsies. We compared immunohistochemical expression for PTEN and ERG on prostate biopsy cores from patients with Grade Group (GG)1 or GG2 prostate cancer who had undergone systematic biopsy with concurrent targeted biopsy. 53 cases had both systematic and MR-targeted prostate tissue available for staining for PTEN, and 52 cases for ERG. ERG positivity was seen in 37/52 (71.2%) cases and PTEN loss was seen in 15/53 (28.3%) cases. The detection of ERG expression was not significantly different between MRI-targeted and systematic biopsy (P=.4). Targeted biopsy was superior to systematic biopsy in the detection of PTEN loss (P=.02). MR-targeted cores detected 14/15 (93.3%) cases of PTEN loss, compared to 7/15 (46.7%) cases detected by systematic cores. Most cases with PTEN loss showed heterogeneous expression in both systematic and targeted cores. In 14/15 (93.3%) cases with PTEN loss, GG was the same between targeted and systematic biopsy. Targeted biopsy is superior to systematic biopsy in the detection of PTEN loss in GG1 and GG2 tumors. Inclusion of targeted cores may be helpful for evaluation of certain prognostic biomarkers.

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Name: Human pathology
ISSN: 1532-8392
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Proteins secreted by the prostate gland. The major secretory proteins from the human prostate gland include PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN, prostate-specific acid phosphatase, prostate-specific membrane antigen, and prostate-specific protein-94.

A lipid phosphatase that acts on phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate to regulate various SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION PATHWAYS. It modulates CELL GROWTH PROCESSES; CELL MIGRATION; and APOPTOSIS. Mutations in PTEN are associated with COWDEN DISEASE and PROTEUS SYNDROME as well as NEOPLASTIC CELL TRANSFORMATION.

A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.

Conducting a biopsy procedure with the aid of a MEDICAL IMAGING modality.

The GENETIC RECOMBINATION of the parts of two or more GENES resulting in a gene with different or additional regulatory regions, or a new chimeric gene product. ONCOGENE FUSION includes an ONCOGENE as at least one of the fusion partners and such gene fusions are often detected in neoplastic cells and are transcribed into ONCOGENE FUSION PROTEINS. ARTIFICIAL GENE FUSION is carried out in vitro by RECOMBINANT DNA technology.

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