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Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an emerging public health problem and methods for surveillance are needed. We designed 85 sequence-specific PCR reactions to detect 79 genes or mutations associated with resistance across 10 major antimicrobial classes, with a focus on E. coli. The 85 qPCR assays demonstrated >99.9% concordance with sequencing. We evaluated the correlation between genotypic resistance markers and phenotypic susceptibility results on 239 E. coli isolates. Both sensitivity and specificity exceeded 90% for ampicillin, ceftriaxone, cefepime, imipenem, ciprofloxacin, azithromycin, gentamicin, amikacin, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, tetracycline, and chloramphenicol phenotypic susceptibility results. We then evaluated the assays on direct stool specimens and observed a sensitivity of 97% ± 5 but, as expected, a lower specificity of 75% ± 31 versus the genotype of the E. coli cultured from stool. Finally, the assays were incorporated into a convenient TaqMan Array Card (TAC) format. These assays may be useful for tracking AMR in E. coli isolates or directly in stool for targeted testing of the fecal antibiotic resistome.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PloS one
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The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).
The ability of microorganisms, especially bacteria, to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).
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Immunoassay - ELISA
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