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This study aimed to investigate the effects of sigma receptor modulators, opipramol and BD-1063, on epileptogenesis in pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-kindling model of epilepsy. Mice (n = 6/group) were received PTZ (30 mg/kg), PTZ plus opipramol (5 or 10 mg/kg), PTZ plus opipramol (5 mg/kg) plus BD-1063 (5 mg/kg, a selective sigma-1 receptor antagonist), and PTZ plus BD-1063 on alternate days for 15 days. Opipramol (5 and 10 mg/kg) + PTZ groups became fully kindled and had higher seizure scores compared to the PTZ group. In contrast, the PTZ plus BD-1063 and the PTZ plus opipramol (5 mg/kg) plus BD-1063 group did not show full kindling. These findings indicate that opipramol has a pro-convulsant effect, which is possibly mediated through activation of sigma-1 receptors.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Epilepsy research
In mammals, peroxisome proliferators activated receptors (PPARs), the nuclear hormone receptors, have been reported to be involved in seizure control. Selective agonists and antagonists of PPARs raise...
This paper describes the behavior of binding and functional receptor systems where an antagonist of the receptor/G protein binding reaction is added as a blocker of agonist-induced receptor function. ...
Ocimum sanctum L. commonly known as tulsi (synonym of Ocimum tenuiflorum L.) is widely used in Ayurveda medicine and is having multitude neuromodulatory effect including the anticonvulsant effect in a...
The pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced seizure assay in rodents is an established method for investigating drug-induced alterations in seizure threshold such as proconvulsant effects. The standard proce...
Epilepsy is a debilitating neurological illness that affects all aspect of an individual life. Despite advancement in research there is little reduction in the incidence of this disease. Prolonged feb...
The main objective of this study is to determine if the P.F.C. Sigma RP-F Knee delivers a greater post-operative range of motion (ROM) compared with the P.F.C. Sigma RP Knee in primary TKA...
The primary objective of this investigation is to evaluate the performance (in terms of post-operative active range of motion at one year) of the P.F.C. Sigma and P.F.C. Sigma Rotating Pla...
Comparison of two unicompartmental knee arthroplasties (UKA), to see if Sigma UKA performs equally good as the Oxford UKA. The study focuses on how well the arthroplasty is fixated to the ...
Evaluate the feasibility of using a novel imaging test, [18F]ISO-1 PET/CT to image sigma-2 receptor binding in cancer. Correlate uptake with standard and experimental pathology assays of b...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate if the P.F.C. Sigma RPF knee accommodates functional stability with a post-operative passive range of motion of greater than 125° of flexion and t...
A class of cell surface receptors recognized by its pharmacological profile. Sigma receptors were originally considered to be opioid receptors because they bind certain synthetic opioids. However they also interact with a variety of other psychoactive drugs, and their endogenous ligand is not known (although they can react to certain endogenous steroids). Sigma receptors are found in the immune, endocrine, and nervous systems, and in some peripheral tissues.
Conditions characterized by recurrent paroxysmal neuronal discharges which arise from a focal region of the brain. Partial seizures are divided into simple and complex, depending on whether consciousness is unaltered (simple partial seizure) or disturbed (complex partial seizure). Both types may feature a wide variety of motor, sensory, and autonomic symptoms. Partial seizures may be classified by associated clinical features or anatomic location of the seizure focus. A secondary generalized seizure refers to a partial seizure that spreads to involve the brain diffusely. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp317)
A DNA-directed RNA polymerase found in BACTERIA. It is a holoenzyme that consists of multiple subunits including sigma factor 54.
A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to a sudden, disorderly, and excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy classification systems are generally based upon: (1) clinical features of the seizure episodes (e.g., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p313)
An interleukin-1 receptor subtype that is involved in signaling cellular responses to INTERLEUKIN-1ALPHA and INTERLEUKIN-1BETA. The binding of this receptor to its ligand causes its favorable interaction with INTERLEUKIN-1 RECEPTOR ACCESSORY PROTEIN and the formation of an activated receptor complex.
Epilepsy is defined as a disorder of brain function characterized by recurrent seizures that have a sudden onset. (Oxford Medical Dictionary). A seizure is caused by a sudden burst of excess electrical activity in the brain, causing a tempora...