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The α-emitter At-labeled meta-astatobenzylguanidine (At-MABG) has a strong antitumor effect on pheochromocytoma xenograft tumors and holds great promise as a new therapeutic option for malignant pheochromocytoma. To evaluate the acute radiation-related toxicity of At-MABG, we conducted biodistribution and dosimetry studies of At-MABG in ICR mice to estimate the doses absorbed by organs. We determined the maximum tolerated doses (MTD) of At-MABG on the basis of body weight loss and assessed the acute radiation-related toxicity induced by MTD administration on the basis of organ weights, histologic features, hematologic indices, and biochemical indices. The biodistribution and dosimetry studies of α-emitting At-MABG revealed high doses absorbed by most organs except the brain in ICR mice. The administration of 1.1, 2.2, and 3.3 MBq of At-MABG induced transient body weight loss, and 4.4 MBq of At-MABG induced unrecoverable body weight loss; thus, the MTD was 3.3 MBq for ICR mice. Although by day 5 the administration of 3.3 MBq had induced some radiation-related toxicity symptoms-such as body weight loss and leucopenia, which are generally observed in radiation therapy including β-emitting radiopharmaceuticals-the mice had recovered by day 28. We observed no unexpected severe toxicity in ICR mice despite the high absorbed doses in most organs, especially the thyroid, heart, stomach, and adrenal glands. Our findings suggest that therapeutic treatments with appropriate doses of At-MABG estimated by dosimetry in each patient could be tolerated, although lower doses may initially be necessary to ensure patient safety in the first-in-human study.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Translational oncology
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Preclinical testing of drugs in experimental animals or in vitro for their biological and toxic effects and potential clinical applications.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
Process that is gone through in order for a device to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required preclinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance. It is not restricted to FDA.
The process of gaining approval by a government regulatory agency for DIAGNOSTIC REAGENTS AND TEST KITS. This includes any required preclinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance.
The field of medicine concerned with understanding the biochemical basis of health and disease and involved in developing diagnostic and therapeutic methods that utilize MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques.
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