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Current insights into the epigenetic mechanisms of skin cancer.

08:00 EDT 13th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Current insights into the epigenetic mechanisms of skin cancer."

Skin cancer is a manifestation of tumors. The different types of skin cancer are named according to their source of tumor cells. Currently, there are three main types of skin cancer. They are squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and melanoma. Their epidemiological characteristics, clinical classifications and treatment methods are somewhat different. The epigenetic modifications are also different in these three types of skin cancer. Epigenetics is the change in gene expression and function and the generation of a heritable phenotype without changing the DNA sequence. The phenomenon of epigenetics involves a variety of processes, including the methylation of DNA and RNA, histone modifications, RNAi, and chromatin remodeling. Researchers have found that DNA, RNA, histone, and chromatin level modifications cause heritable changes in gene expression patterns. This review will introduce the role of epigenetics in skin cancer from the three following angles: DNA methylation, histone modifications and RNA methylation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Dermatologic therapy
ISSN: 1529-8019
Pages: e12964

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Application of electric current in treatment without the generation of perceptible heat. It includes electric stimulation of nerves or muscles, passage of current into the body, or use of interrupted current of low intensity to raise the threshold of the skin to pain.

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