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Role of Tissue Factor in Tumor Progression and Cancer-Associated Thrombosis.

08:00 EDT 16th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Role of Tissue Factor in Tumor Progression and Cancer-Associated Thrombosis."

It has been long-established that cancer and thrombosis are linked, but the exact underlying pathological mechanism remains to be unraveled. As the initiator of the coagulation cascade, the transmembrane glycoprotein tissue factor (TF) has been intensely investigated for its role in cancer-associated thrombosis and cancer progression. TF expression is regulated by both specific oncogenes and environmental factors, and it is shown to regulate primary growth and metastasis formation in a variety of cancer models. In clinical studies, TF has been shown to be overexpressed in most cancer types and is strongly associated with disease progression. While TF clearly associates with cancer progression, a prominent role for TF in the development of cancer-associated thrombosis is less clear. The current concept is that cancer-associated thrombosis is associated with the secretion of tumor-derived TF-positive extracellular vesicles in certain tumor types. To date, many therapeutic strategies to target TF-both in preclinical and clinical phase-are being pursued, including targeting TF or the
TF:
FVIIa complex by itself or by exploiting TF as a docking molecule to deliver cytotoxic compounds to the tumor. In this review, the authors summarize the current understanding of the role of TF in both cancer progression and cancer-associated thrombosis, and discuss novel insights on TF as a therapeutic target as well as a biomarker for cancer progression and VTE.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Seminars in thrombosis and hemostasis
ISSN: 1098-9064
Pages:

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