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Perioperative/Postoperative Anti-Inflammatory Therapy During/After Corneal Surgery/Transplantation.

08:00 EDT 1st May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Perioperative/Postoperative Anti-Inflammatory Therapy During/After Corneal Surgery/Transplantation."

Surgical trauma, and foreign material - such as sutures or implants or antigens during tissue transplantation - may cause inflammatory reactions. Inflammatory reactions after surgical interventions distant from the vascularised limbus and without opening of the anterior chamber of the eye are usually very muted, because of the corneal immune and angiogenic privilege. A milestone in the therapy and prophylaxis of inflammation after corneal surgery has been the use of topical glucocorticoids since the 1950s. When these are used, it is important to consider the cataractogenic effect of long-term use, the possibility of steroid-induced increase in intraocular pressure (so-called steroid response), the increased risk for microbial infection and the inhibition of epithelialisation. The available glucocorticoids differ in their ability to penetrate into the eye (prednisolone best), their immunosuppressive activity (dexamethasone best) and their ability to induce a steroid response (loteprednol etabonate and fluorometholone least). Preservative-free formulations are only available for dexamethasone. The different properties must be taken into account when choosing the "best" glucocorticoid: If there is a risk of delay in epithelialisation of the wound, topical steroids should be avoided or if necessary, phosphate- and preservative-free dexamethasone should be used with caution. If efficiency in the posterior cornea or in the anterior chamber is important, e.g. after penetrating keratoplasty, prednisolone acetate should be used. If a steroid response is known, loteprednol etabonate or fluorometholone should be used. When allogeneic tissue is transplanted, long-term topical glucocorticoid use over 24 months or longer is necessary. After high-risk keratoplasty with allogeneic donor tissue, supplemental systemic immunosuppressive therapy with calcineurin inhibitors or mycophenolate mofetil over 6 to 12 months is recommended.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde
ISSN: 1439-3999
Pages: 653-661

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent with potent analgesic and antiarthritic properties. It has been shown to be effective in the treatment of OSTEOARTHRITIS; RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; ankylosing SPONDYLITIS; and in the alleviation of postoperative pain (PAIN, POSTOPERATIVE).

New blood vessels originating from the corneal veins and extending from the limbus into the adjacent CORNEAL STROMA. Neovascularization in the superficial and/or deep corneal stroma is a sequel to numerous inflammatory diseases of the ocular anterior segment, such as TRACHOMA, viral interstitial KERATITIS, microbial KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS, and the immune response elicited by CORNEAL TRANSPLANTATION.

A pyrrolizine carboxylic acid derivative structurally related to INDOMETHACIN. It is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent used for analgesia for postoperative pain and inhibits cyclooxygenase activity.

A cyclooxygenase inhibiting, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) that is well established in treating rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis and used for musculoskeletal disorders, dysmenorrhea, and postoperative pain. Its long half-life enables it to be administered once daily.

An anti-inflammatory, synthetic glucocorticoid. It is used topically as an anti-inflammatory agent and in aerosol form for the treatment of ASTHMA.

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