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Peri-/postoperative Antiinflammation Therapy after Cataract and Refractive Surgery.

08:00 EDT 1st May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Peri-/postoperative Antiinflammation Therapy after Cataract and Refractive Surgery."

Cataract surgery is the most frequently performed surgery worldwide, and refractive surgery is gaining more and more popularity. Although they are rare, some possible complications of these procedures remain relevant for surgeons and patients. Macular edema in cataract surgery and sterile infections of the cornea after refractive corneal surgery can lower the visual outcome significantly. Such complications can occur due to activation of inflammation cascades as a result of local tissue manipulation during the surgery. Even though the incidence is very low, there are affected patients as a result of the high number of performed surgeries. Therefore, lowering those numbers with perioperative application of local eye drops is critical. Studies show a lower risk of macular edema, anterior chamber inflammation and postoperative pain in patients treated with perioperative non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID). That is why a treatment with corticosteroid and NSAID drops should be prescribed. After lamellar corneal surgery, a local steroid application is recommended to lower the incidence of haze and deep lamellar keratitis (DLK).

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde
ISSN: 1439-3999
Pages: 636-646

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

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The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)

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Persistent detrimental effects from treatment for a condition. Included are effects from surgery such as POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS, and from DRUG THERAPY, such as CHEMICALLY INDUCED DISORDERS, or other THERAPEUTICS. Failure to attain a desired outcome from treatment for the condition is not considered an adverse effect.

A therapeutic approach, involving chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or surgery, after initial regimens have failed to lead to improvement in a patient's condition. Salvage therapy is most often used for neoplastic diseases.

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