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Cataract surgery is the most frequently performed surgery worldwide, and refractive surgery is gaining more and more popularity. Although they are rare, some possible complications of these procedures remain relevant for surgeons and patients. Macular edema in cataract surgery and sterile infections of the cornea after refractive corneal surgery can lower the visual outcome significantly. Such complications can occur due to activation of inflammation cascades as a result of local tissue manipulation during the surgery. Even though the incidence is very low, there are affected patients as a result of the high number of performed surgeries. Therefore, lowering those numbers with perioperative application of local eye drops is critical. Studies show a lower risk of macular edema, anterior chamber inflammation and postoperative pain in patients treated with perioperative non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID). That is why a treatment with corticosteroid and NSAID drops should be prescribed. After lamellar corneal surgery, a local steroid application is recommended to lower the incidence of haze and deep lamellar keratitis (DLK).
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde
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Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Loss of CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM usually following intraocular surgery (e.g., cataract surgery) or due to FUCHS' ENDOTHELIAL DYSTROPHY; ANGLE-CLOSURE GLAUCOMA; IRITIS; or aging.
Persistent detrimental effects from treatment for a condition. Included are effects from surgery such as POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS, and from DRUG THERAPY, such as CHEMICALLY INDUCED DISORDERS, or other THERAPEUTICS. Failure to attain a desired outcome from treatment for the condition is not considered an adverse effect.
A therapeutic approach, involving chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or surgery, after initial regimens have failed to lead to improvement in a patient's condition. Salvage therapy is most often used for neoplastic diseases.
Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that is devoted to the study and treatment of eye diseases. As well as mild visual defects correctable by lenses, ophthalmology is concerned with glaucoma, uveitis and other serious conditions affecting the eye, ...
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...