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Leksell Radiosurgery for the 3 H Tumors: Hemangiomas, Hemangioblastomas, and Hemangiopericytomas.

08:00 EDT 16th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Leksell Radiosurgery for the 3 H Tumors: Hemangiomas, Hemangioblastomas, and Hemangiopericytomas."

Leksell stereotactic radiosurgery has proven to be effective for less common tumors encountered in the brain, including hemangiomas of the orbit or cavernous sinus, recurrent hemangiopericytomas, and both sporadic hemangioblastomas as well as those encountered in the context of von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease. While all three tumors are responsive to single-session radiosurgery, hemangiomas and hemangiopericytomas are the most likely to demonstrate tumor regression. Hemangiopericytomas that recur after initial resection can be lower grade or anaplastic and have both higher local as well as distant recurrence risks. Sporadic hemangioblastomas undergo Leksell radiosurgery at the time of recurrence after initial surgery. In the context of VHL, growing or recurrent tumors are treated with tumor control rates exceeding 90%. Tumor control improves with higher dose delivery, typically >15 Gy at the margin. Dose-limiting structures may include the optic apparatus for hemangiomas and brain stem locations for hemangioblastomas.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Progress in neurological surgery
ISSN: 1662-3924
Pages: 223-231

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A benign tumor of the nervous system that may occur sporadically or in association with VON HIPPEL-LINDAU DISEASE. It accounts for approximately 2% of intracranial tumors, arising most frequently in the cerebellar hemispheres and vermis. Histologically, the tumors are composed of multiple capillary and sinusoidal channels lined with endothelial cells and clusters of lipid-laden pseudoxanthoma cells. Usually solitary, these tumors can be multiple and may also occur in the brain stem, spinal cord, retina, and supratentorial compartment. Cerebellar hemangioblastomas usually present in the third decade with INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION, and ataxia. (From DeVita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp2071-2)

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