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Acute Kidney Injury in Kidney Transplants: New Insights.

08:00 EDT 16th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Acute Kidney Injury in Kidney Transplants: New Insights."

Delayed allograft function (DGF) is defined as dialysis treatment in the kidney transplant recipient in the first week following transplantation. With the demand for kidney transplants growing and the supply limited, as well as implementation of a national allocation scheme for deceased donor kidneys, rates of DGF remain high, on average, 30% for recipients of deceased donor kidneys. DGF is associated with inferior allograft outcomes, and there are no FDA-approved therapies to mitigate this disorder. There is renewed interest in this therapeutic arena, and there are several recent clinical trials that have considered interventions within the recipient to reduce injury. A critical issue is that of trial design and end points as well as translating from acute kidney injury (AKI) trials in cardiac bypass to the more complicated kidney transplant scenario. DGF is a significant clinical outcome after kidney transplantation without known approved therapy beyond clinical support. This mini-review highlights our presentation at the 24th International Conference on Advances in Critical Care Nephrology and UAB/UCSD O'Brien Center AKI Pre-Meeting.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Nephron
ISSN: 2235-3186
Pages: 1-4

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Abrupt reduction in kidney function defined as an absolute increase in serum CREATININE of more than or equal to 0.3. mg/dl, a percentage increase in serum creatinine of more than or equal to 50%, or a reduction in urine output. Acute kidney injury encompasses the entire spectrum of the syndrome including acute kidney failure; ACUTE KIDNEY TUBULAR NECROSIS; and other less severe conditions.

Acute kidney failure resulting from destruction of EPITHELIAL CELLS of the KIDNEY TUBULES. It is commonly attributed to exposure to toxic agents or renal ISCHEMIA following severe TRAUMA.

A complication of kidney diseases characterized by cell death involving KIDNEY PAPILLA in the KIDNEY MEDULLA. Damages to this area may hinder the kidney to concentrate urine resulting in POLYURIA. Sloughed off necrotic tissue may block KIDNEY PELVIS or URETER. Necrosis of multiple renal papillae can lead to KIDNEY FAILURE.

A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.

The outer zone of the KIDNEY, beneath the capsule, consisting of KIDNEY GLOMERULUS; KIDNEY TUBULES, DISTAL; and KIDNEY TUBULES, PROXIMAL.

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