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In order to investigate the effects of the terrain slopes and rainfall intensity on the steady infiltration rate of permeable pavement, an experiment with the combinations of three types of permeability, three kinds of rainfall intensity, different cross slope and longitudinal slope are undertaken. Through analyzing the experimental data, it is indicated that: (1) the relation between the steady infiltration rate and the cross and longitudinal slopes can be described by power functions, i.e. as the slopes increase, the steady infiltration rate decreases. The steady infiltration rate can be reduced by 23.3%-72.2% and 12.6%-22.2% for the slopes ranging from 0° to 5° and from 5° to 10°, respectively, illustrating the infiltration is more sensitive to the 0°-5° slope; (2) Under the same conditions, the effect of the cross slope on the steady infiltration rate is about 1.1-1.4 times as high as that of the longitudinal slope, i.e. the cross slope varying could lead to more obvious infiltration change, comparing to the longitudinal slope; (3) The relation between the rainfall intensity and the infiltration rate can be reflected by power function as well. The higher the rainfall intensity, the more the steady infiltration rate increases; (4) The comprehensive effect of the cross slope, longitudinal slope and rainfall intensity on steady infiltration rate can be expressed by quadratic polynomial functions. The main purpose of the manuscript is to determine how the slopes and the rainfall intensities affect the infiltration process and guide the plan and design of the permeable pavement in practical engineering.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of environmental management
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The experimental study of the relationship between the genotype of an organism and its behavior. The scope includes the effects of genes on simple sensory processes to complex organization of the nervous system.
Physical manipulation of animals and humans to induce a behavioral or other psychological reaction. In experimental psychology, the animal is handled to induce a stress situation or to study the effects of "gentling" or "mothering".
A pathologic change in leukemia in which leukemic cells permeate various organs at any stage of the disease. All types of leukemia show various degrees of infiltration, depending upon the type of leukemia. The degree of infiltration may vary from site to site. The liver and spleen are common sites of infiltration, the greatest appearing in myelocytic leukemia, but infiltration is seen also in the granulocytic and lymphocytic types. The kidney is also a common site and of the gastrointestinal system, the stomach and ileum are commonly involved. In lymphocytic leukemia the skin is often infiltrated. The central nervous system too is a common site.
The study of the physical and chemical properties of a drug and its dosage form as related to the onset, duration, and intensity of its action.
Experimental animal models for human AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM. They include GUILLAIN-BARRE SYNDROME (see NEURITIS, AUTOIMMUNE, EXPERIMENTAL); MYASTHENIA GRAVIS (see MYASTHENIA GRAVIS, AUTOIMMUNE, EXPERIMENTAL); and MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS (see ENCEPHALOMYELITIS, AUTOIMMUNE, EXPERIMENTAL).