Advertisement

Topics

Interactions between noroviruses, the host, and the microbiota.

08:00 EDT 13th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Interactions between noroviruses, the host, and the microbiota."

In recent years, appreciation has been growing for the role that the microbiota plays in interactions between the host and various pathogens, including norovirus. Proviral and antiviral effects of the microbiota have been observed for both human and murine noroviruses, and it has become clear that direct effects of microbes and their metabolites as well as indirect effects of commensals on the host are key in modulating pathogenesis. In particular, a common thread has emerged in the ability of members of the microbiota to regulate the host interferon response, thereby modulating norovirus infection. Here, we highlight key differences between human and murine noroviruses and their interactions with the microbiota, while also underscoring shared characteristics between noroviruses and other gastrointestinal viruses.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Current opinion in virology
ISSN: 1879-6265
Pages: 1-9

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [8625 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Simplified Intestinal Microbiota to Study Microbe-Diet-Host Interactions in a Mouse Model.

The gut microbiota can modulate human metabolism through interactions with macronutrients. However, microbiota-diet-host interactions are difficult to study because bacteria interact in complex food w...

Gut Microbiota Regulation of T Cells During Inflammation and Autoimmunity.

The intestinal microbiota plays a crucial role in influencing the development of host immunity, and in turn the immune system also acts to regulate the microbiota through intestinal barrier maintenanc...

Gut microbiota, a new frontier to understand traditional Chinese medicines.

As an important component of complementary and alternative medicines, traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) are gaining more and more attentions around the world because of the powerful therapeutic effe...

Metabolism at the centre of the host-microbe relationship.

Maintaining homeostatic host-microbe interactions is vital for host immune function. The gut microbiota shapes the host immune system and the immune system reciprocally shapes and modifies the gut mic...

Bases for the Adequate Development of Nutritional Recommendations for Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic and relapsing inflammatory condition of the gastrointestinal tract; it is a heterogeneous and multifactorial disorder resulting from a complex interplay b...

Clinical Trials [2282 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

A Cross-sectional Study on IBS Subtypes, Chinese Medicine Pattern and Host-gut Microbiota Metabolic Interactions

we will conduct a cross-sectional study to discovery the distribution of IBS subtypes who would like to seek TCM treatment and their TCM patterns. At the same time, we will also collect th...

Study of Human Microbiota in Healthy and Pathological Conditions

The aim of the present study is to characterize the bacterial composition (microbiota) colonizing to the human body in different physio - pathological conditions (lifestyle, motor activity...

Autologous Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Patients With Acute Graft-versus-Host Disease

This study aims to assess the safety and efficacy of autologous fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) in gastrointestinal (GI) related graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Stool for FMT will...

The RAMP Study - Rejuvenation of the Aging Microbiota With Prebiotics

An individual's immune and metabolic status is coupled to consumed carbohydrates. Complex carbohydrates that are not digested by human enzymes may influence host biology by impacting micro...

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Treatment of Refractory Graft Versus Host Disease-a Pilot Study

The study evaluates safety and efficacy of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) for the treatment of refractory graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) of the gut. FMT might be a beneficial tre...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The interactions between a host and a pathogen, usually resulting in disease.

Changes in quantitative and qualitative composition of MICROBIOTA. The changes may lead to altered host microbial interaction or homeostatic imbalance that can contribute to a disease state often with inflammation.

Transfer of GASTROINTESTINAL MICROBIOTA from one individual to another by infusion of donor FECES to the upper or lower GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT of the recipient.

The relationship between an invertebrate and another organism (the host), one of which lives at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.

A multifactorial disease of CATTLE resulting from complex interactions between environmental factors, host factors, and pathogens. The environmental factors act as stressors adversely affecting the IMMUNE SYSTEM and other host defenses and enhancing transmission of infecting agents.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Infectious-diseases
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...


Searches Linking to this Article